Dynamics of annihilation process of disclination pairs in nematic liquid crystals

Kiyoshi Minoura, Yasuyuki Kimura, Kohzo Ito, Reinosuke Hayakawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We investigated the dynamics of annihilation process of a defect pair in the nematic phase which were generated as type-1 wedge disclinations by quenching the isotropic phase. We measured the time dependence of the distance between a defect pair with or without external electric field. The distance decreased linearly with time immediately after the defect pair was generated (the early stage) and then decreased to zero in proportion to the square root of the time to elapse before the defect pair was annihilated (the late stage). We also treated the annihilation dynamics by numerical simulation with a two-dimensional phenomenological equation of motion, and the simulation results were in good agreement with the experimental ones. The ratio of the coefficient of viscosity to that of elasticity and the strength of ordering field were evaluated from the comparison between the simulation and experimental results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)345-355
Number of pages11
JournalMolecular Crystals and Liquid Crystals Science and Technology Section A: Molecular Crystals and Liquid Crystals
Volume302
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1997
Externally publishedYes

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Nematic liquid crystals
liquid crystals
Defects
defects
simulation
wedges
Equations of motion
time dependence
Quenching
Elasticity
proportion
equations of motion
elastic properties
quenching
Electric fields
Viscosity
viscosity
electric fields
Computer simulation
coefficients

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Dynamics of annihilation process of disclination pairs in nematic liquid crystals. / Minoura, Kiyoshi; Kimura, Yasuyuki; Ito, Kohzo; Hayakawa, Reinosuke.

In: Molecular Crystals and Liquid Crystals Science and Technology Section A: Molecular Crystals and Liquid Crystals, Vol. 302, 01.01.1997, p. 345-355.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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