Dynamics of Macular Hole Closure in Gas-Filled Eyes within 24 h of Surgery Observed with Swept Source Optical Coherence Tomography

Wataru Kikushima, Akira Imai, Yuichi Toriyama, Takao Hirano, Toshinori Murata, Tatsuro Ishibashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background/Aims: To investigate the dynamics of macular hole (MH) closure in gas-filled eyes starting 20 min after vitrectomy using swept source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT). Methods: Twenty consecutive eyes with MH underwent vitrectomy with internal limiting membrane peeling and gas tamponade. SS-OCT imaging was performed approximately 20 min after the operation, and then once a day, until MH closure was confirmed. The correlation between the base, top and minimum hole diameters and the duration required for MH closure was investigated. Results: MH closure in gas-filled eyes was confirmed in 1 eye on day 0, 10 eyes on day 1, 2 eyes on day 2, and 3 eyes on day 3, at which times face-down posturing was discontinued without MH recurrence. SS-OCT revealed a distinct closure pattern within the first 24 h postoperatively. MHs closing by day 1 had a significantly smaller minimum diameter (312.5 ± 105.2 μm) than holes closing on day 2 or later (510.8 ± 153.5 μm; p = 0.019). Conclusions: SS-OCT enables tomographic images of MH in gas-filled eyes immediately postoperatively, thus permitting early discontinuation of, or no necessity for, face-down positioning upon confirmation of MH closure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)48-54
Number of pages7
JournalOphthalmic Research
Volume53
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 28 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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