Ecological speciation

Kei Matsubayashi, Naoyuki Fujiyama

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

‘cological speciation’ is a mode of speciation in which adaptation to different environments causes populations to diverge and develop reproductive isolation from each other. This classical hypothesis has matured in the field of evolutionary ecology with the accumulation of new empirical data. A full understanding of the mechanisms by which ecological speciation leads to biological diversification requires the synthesis of ideas from many different disciplines, including evolution, ecology, and genetics. In the present review, we introduce the definition of ecological speciation and discuss factors leading to population divergence, geographic conditions, differences among taxa, and isolating barriers unique to this type of speciation. We then compare ecological speciation with alternative ‘non-ecological’ modes of speciation. Throughout the review, we identify the weak points of the current concept of ecological speciation, and propose future challenges in the study of the mechanisms of biological diversification.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)561-580
Number of pages20
JournalJapanese Journal of Ecology
Volume66
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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ecology
reproductive isolation
divergence
synthesis

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecology

Cite this

Ecological speciation. / Matsubayashi, Kei; Fujiyama, Naoyuki.

In: Japanese Journal of Ecology, Vol. 66, No. 3, 2016, p. 561-580.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Matsubayashi, Kei ; Fujiyama, Naoyuki. / Ecological speciation. In: Japanese Journal of Ecology. 2016 ; Vol. 66, No. 3. pp. 561-580.
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