Effect öf addition of various salts on coal extraction with carbon disulfide/at-methyl-2-pyrrolidinone mixed solvent

Kazuhiro Takahashi, Koyo Norinaga, Yoshihiro Masui, Masashi Iino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effect of addition of various salts on the extraction of seven different kinds of coals with carbon disulfide-Af-methyl-2-pyrrolidinone (CS2-:NMP) .mixed solvent (1:1 by volume) was investigated. Lithium and tetrabutylammonium salts with various anions were used as additives for the coal extraction. Addition of some salts considerably-increased the extraction yield for several coals. For Upper Freeport coal, in particular,1 the'addition of a very small amount (0.25 mol/kg-coal) of tetrabutylammoniumfluoride increased the extraction yield from 60 to 84%. The results for the halogeriide salts indicate that a kind of halögenide ànion affects the extraction yields. The yields increased'in the order, F- > Cl- > Br- > I-, indicating that the anions with the small ion radius or large electronegativity are effective for the enhancement of the yield. Some qualitative explanations for'the observations were made'using the Hard and Soft Acids and Bases principle. Thé role'öf anions for the enhancement of coal solubility was'discussed on the basis of the assumption that acid-base interactions between coal acidic sites and anions are 1 responsible for the increment of the extraction yields.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)141-146
Number of pages6
JournalEnergy and Fuels
Volume15
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2001

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Carbon Disulfide
Carbon disulfide
Coal
Salts
Anions
Negative ions
Electronegativity
Acids
2-pyrrolidone
Lithium
Solubility
Ions

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Cite this

Effect öf addition of various salts on coal extraction with carbon disulfide/at-methyl-2-pyrrolidinone mixed solvent. / Takahashi, Kazuhiro; Norinaga, Koyo; Masui, Yoshihiro; Iino, Masashi.

In: Energy and Fuels, Vol. 15, No. 1, 01.12.2001, p. 141-146.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Takahashi, Kazuhiro ; Norinaga, Koyo ; Masui, Yoshihiro ; Iino, Masashi. / Effect öf addition of various salts on coal extraction with carbon disulfide/at-methyl-2-pyrrolidinone mixed solvent. In: Energy and Fuels. 2001 ; Vol. 15, No. 1. pp. 141-146.
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