Effect of absorbed and environmental hydrogen on short fatigue crack propagation near threshold in low alloy steel

Yuta Ueda, Masanobu Kubota, Yoshiyuki Kondo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The effects of hydrogen on fatigue crack propagation behavior of short fatigue crack and crack closure behavior were studied using low alloy steel SCM440H. Fatigue crack propagation test using specimen with s a 50 μm deep pre-crack was carried out at a frequency of28.4Hzinair, vacuum and hydrogen gas. Hydrogen pre-charge was done by cathodic polarization method. The concentration of absorbed hydrogen was 0.83 ppm in hydrogen charged specimen and 0.06 ppm in uncharged specimen. The fatigue crack propagation rate of uncharged material was dependent on environment. The acceleration of fatigue crack propagation rate by absorbed hydrogen was about 2 to 5 times irrespective of environment. As a result, the fatigue crack propagation rate of hydrogen pre-charged material tested in air was the highest. The crack opening stress was higher in hydrogen gas and in vacuum compared with that in air. Fatigue crack propagation rate was summarized in two independent bands when plotted against effective stress intensity factor. This means that the effects of environment (vacuum, air and hydrogen) and stress ratio (R=-1, 0, 0.6) could be explained by crack closure phenomenon. However, the acceleration of crack propagation by absorbed hydrogen could not be explained only by crack closure phenomenon.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)602-609
Number of pages8
JournalNihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, A Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part A
Volume76
Issue number765
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2010

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Fatigue crack propagation
High strength steel
Hydrogen
Crack closure
Vacuum
Air
Gases
Cracks
Cathodic polarization
Stress intensity factors
Crack propagation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

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title = "Effect of absorbed and environmental hydrogen on short fatigue crack propagation near threshold in low alloy steel",
abstract = "The effects of hydrogen on fatigue crack propagation behavior of short fatigue crack and crack closure behavior were studied using low alloy steel SCM440H. Fatigue crack propagation test using specimen with s a 50 μm deep pre-crack was carried out at a frequency of28.4Hzinair, vacuum and hydrogen gas. Hydrogen pre-charge was done by cathodic polarization method. The concentration of absorbed hydrogen was 0.83 ppm in hydrogen charged specimen and 0.06 ppm in uncharged specimen. The fatigue crack propagation rate of uncharged material was dependent on environment. The acceleration of fatigue crack propagation rate by absorbed hydrogen was about 2 to 5 times irrespective of environment. As a result, the fatigue crack propagation rate of hydrogen pre-charged material tested in air was the highest. The crack opening stress was higher in hydrogen gas and in vacuum compared with that in air. Fatigue crack propagation rate was summarized in two independent bands when plotted against effective stress intensity factor. This means that the effects of environment (vacuum, air and hydrogen) and stress ratio (R=-1, 0, 0.6) could be explained by crack closure phenomenon. However, the acceleration of crack propagation by absorbed hydrogen could not be explained only by crack closure phenomenon.",
author = "Yuta Ueda and Masanobu Kubota and Yoshiyuki Kondo",
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AU - Kubota, Masanobu

AU - Kondo, Yoshiyuki

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N2 - The effects of hydrogen on fatigue crack propagation behavior of short fatigue crack and crack closure behavior were studied using low alloy steel SCM440H. Fatigue crack propagation test using specimen with s a 50 μm deep pre-crack was carried out at a frequency of28.4Hzinair, vacuum and hydrogen gas. Hydrogen pre-charge was done by cathodic polarization method. The concentration of absorbed hydrogen was 0.83 ppm in hydrogen charged specimen and 0.06 ppm in uncharged specimen. The fatigue crack propagation rate of uncharged material was dependent on environment. The acceleration of fatigue crack propagation rate by absorbed hydrogen was about 2 to 5 times irrespective of environment. As a result, the fatigue crack propagation rate of hydrogen pre-charged material tested in air was the highest. The crack opening stress was higher in hydrogen gas and in vacuum compared with that in air. Fatigue crack propagation rate was summarized in two independent bands when plotted against effective stress intensity factor. This means that the effects of environment (vacuum, air and hydrogen) and stress ratio (R=-1, 0, 0.6) could be explained by crack closure phenomenon. However, the acceleration of crack propagation by absorbed hydrogen could not be explained only by crack closure phenomenon.

AB - The effects of hydrogen on fatigue crack propagation behavior of short fatigue crack and crack closure behavior were studied using low alloy steel SCM440H. Fatigue crack propagation test using specimen with s a 50 μm deep pre-crack was carried out at a frequency of28.4Hzinair, vacuum and hydrogen gas. Hydrogen pre-charge was done by cathodic polarization method. The concentration of absorbed hydrogen was 0.83 ppm in hydrogen charged specimen and 0.06 ppm in uncharged specimen. The fatigue crack propagation rate of uncharged material was dependent on environment. The acceleration of fatigue crack propagation rate by absorbed hydrogen was about 2 to 5 times irrespective of environment. As a result, the fatigue crack propagation rate of hydrogen pre-charged material tested in air was the highest. The crack opening stress was higher in hydrogen gas and in vacuum compared with that in air. Fatigue crack propagation rate was summarized in two independent bands when plotted against effective stress intensity factor. This means that the effects of environment (vacuum, air and hydrogen) and stress ratio (R=-1, 0, 0.6) could be explained by crack closure phenomenon. However, the acceleration of crack propagation by absorbed hydrogen could not be explained only by crack closure phenomenon.

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