The effect of additional solute magnesium (Mg) on mechanical and high-cycle-fatigue properties of 6061-T6 aluminum alloy is investigated in detail. By adding 0.5% and 0.8% Mg to the 6061-T6 alloy with a normal stoichiometric Mg2Si composition (base alloy), the alloy exhibits eminent strain-aging characteristics demonstrated by the emergence of serrated flow, the negative strain-rate-sensitivity and relatively weakened temperature dependency of flow stress. The Mg-added new alloy also shows higher work-hardening rate than the base alloy particularly at initial flow regime and at lower strain rate. The S-N curve of the new alloy shows a clear fatigue limit which is absent in the base alloy. The fatigue limit of the new alloy is shown to be controlled by the threshold against small crack growth. Moreover, the new alloy clearly exhibits a coaxing phenomenon (time-dependent strengthening) which is absent in the base alloy. The coaxing effect is attributed to the existence of a small quasi-non-propagating crack whose growth resistance gradually increases during stress amplitude step-ups.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering