Effect of additives on the deposition behavior and micro structure of invar fe-ni alloys with low thermal expansion electrodeposited from watt's solution

Keisuke Fukuda, Yuki Kashiwa, Satoshi Oue, Tomio Takasu, Hiroaki Nakano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The electrodeposition of invar Fe-Ni alloy with low thermal expansion was performed at 100-5000 A·m-2 and 105 C·m-2 in agitated Watt's solution containing NiSO4, NiCl2, FeSO4, C3H4O4, C7H4NNaO3S and H3BO3 at 50°C. With increasing the concentration of malonic acid, the Ni content in deposits decreased at higher current density region than 2000 A·m-2, while it increased at lower current density region than 1000 A·m-2. The current efficiency for alloy deposition decreased with increasing the concentration of malonic acid. The deposits were composed of granular crystals whose size decreased with increasing the concentration of malonic acid. With an addition of saccharin, the Ni content in deposits significantly decreased, and the current efficiency for alloy deposition increased. With an addition of boric acid, the Ni content in deposits somewhat decreased, and the current efficiency for alloy deposition increased. The surface morphology of deposits changed with the current density and an addition of saccharin, and rarely changed with an addition of boric acid. It was found that the morphology depended on the Ni content in deposits. The deposits with Ni content of 29-38 mass% were composed of granular crystals approximately 300 nm in size, while the deposits with Ni content of 41-52 mass% showed the smooth surface consisted of fine crystals. The effects of additives on the Ni content in deposits and current efficiency can be explained by the change of partial polarization curve for Fe and Ni deposition and hydrogen evolution in Fe-Ni alloy deposition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)988-997
Number of pages10
JournalTetsu-To-Hagane/Journal of the Iron and Steel Institute of Japan
Volume105
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2019

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Thermal expansion
thermal expansion
Deposits
deposits
microstructure
Microstructure
Saccharin
boric acids
Boric acid
Current density
current density
Crystals
acids
Acids
crystals
low currents
Electrodeposition
electrodeposition
Surface morphology
high current

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

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title = "Effect of additives on the deposition behavior and micro structure of invar fe-ni alloys with low thermal expansion electrodeposited from watt's solution",
abstract = "The electrodeposition of invar Fe-Ni alloy with low thermal expansion was performed at 100-5000 A·m-2 and 105 C·m-2 in agitated Watt's solution containing NiSO4, NiCl2, FeSO4, C3H4O4, C7H4NNaO3S and H3BO3 at 50°C. With increasing the concentration of malonic acid, the Ni content in deposits decreased at higher current density region than 2000 A·m-2, while it increased at lower current density region than 1000 A·m-2. The current efficiency for alloy deposition decreased with increasing the concentration of malonic acid. The deposits were composed of granular crystals whose size decreased with increasing the concentration of malonic acid. With an addition of saccharin, the Ni content in deposits significantly decreased, and the current efficiency for alloy deposition increased. With an addition of boric acid, the Ni content in deposits somewhat decreased, and the current efficiency for alloy deposition increased. The surface morphology of deposits changed with the current density and an addition of saccharin, and rarely changed with an addition of boric acid. It was found that the morphology depended on the Ni content in deposits. The deposits with Ni content of 29-38 mass{\%} were composed of granular crystals approximately 300 nm in size, while the deposits with Ni content of 41-52 mass{\%} showed the smooth surface consisted of fine crystals. The effects of additives on the Ni content in deposits and current efficiency can be explained by the change of partial polarization curve for Fe and Ni deposition and hydrogen evolution in Fe-Ni alloy deposition.",
author = "Keisuke Fukuda and Yuki Kashiwa and Satoshi Oue and Tomio Takasu and Hiroaki Nakano",
year = "2019",
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T1 - Effect of additives on the deposition behavior and micro structure of invar fe-ni alloys with low thermal expansion electrodeposited from watt's solution

AU - Fukuda, Keisuke

AU - Kashiwa, Yuki

AU - Oue, Satoshi

AU - Takasu, Tomio

AU - Nakano, Hiroaki

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

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AB - The electrodeposition of invar Fe-Ni alloy with low thermal expansion was performed at 100-5000 A·m-2 and 105 C·m-2 in agitated Watt's solution containing NiSO4, NiCl2, FeSO4, C3H4O4, C7H4NNaO3S and H3BO3 at 50°C. With increasing the concentration of malonic acid, the Ni content in deposits decreased at higher current density region than 2000 A·m-2, while it increased at lower current density region than 1000 A·m-2. The current efficiency for alloy deposition decreased with increasing the concentration of malonic acid. The deposits were composed of granular crystals whose size decreased with increasing the concentration of malonic acid. With an addition of saccharin, the Ni content in deposits significantly decreased, and the current efficiency for alloy deposition increased. With an addition of boric acid, the Ni content in deposits somewhat decreased, and the current efficiency for alloy deposition increased. The surface morphology of deposits changed with the current density and an addition of saccharin, and rarely changed with an addition of boric acid. It was found that the morphology depended on the Ni content in deposits. The deposits with Ni content of 29-38 mass% were composed of granular crystals approximately 300 nm in size, while the deposits with Ni content of 41-52 mass% showed the smooth surface consisted of fine crystals. The effects of additives on the Ni content in deposits and current efficiency can be explained by the change of partial polarization curve for Fe and Ni deposition and hydrogen evolution in Fe-Ni alloy deposition.

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