Effect of amine structure on CO2 capture by polymeric membranes

Ikuo Taniguchi, Kae Kinugasa, Mariko Toyoda, Koki Minezaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Poly(amidoamine)s (PAMAMs) incorporated into a cross-linked poly(ethylene glycol) exhibited excellent CO2 separation properties over H2. However, the CO2 permeability should be increased for practical applications. Monoethanolamine (MEA) used as a CO2 determining agent in the current CO2 capture technology at demonstration scale was readily immobilized in poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) matrix by solvent casting of aqueous mixture of PVA and the amine. The resulting polymeric membranes can be self-standing with the thickness above 3 μm and the amine fraction less than 80 wt%. The gas permeation properties were examined at 40 °C and under 80% relative humidity. The CO2 separation performance increased with increase of the amine content in the polymeric membranes. When the amine fraction was 80 wt%, the CO2 permeability coefficient of MEA containing membrane was 604 barrer with CO2 selectivity of 58.5 over H2, which was much higher than the PAMAM membrane (83.7 barrer and 51.8, respectively) under the same operation conditions. On the other hand, ethylamine (EA) was also incorporated into PVA matrix to form a thin membrane. However, the resulting polymeric membranes exhibited slight CO2-selective gas permeation properties. The hydroxyl group of MEA was crucial for high CO2 separation performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)950-958
Number of pages9
JournalScience and Technology of Advanced Materials
Volume18
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 31 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)

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