Alumina has been widely used in the fabrication of hip joint replacement due to its excellent properties. But one of its drawbacks is the low fracture toughness, which can be enhanced with the addition of a second ceramic phase of nanometer size. Another property to be improved is its wear resistance under severe rubbing conditions. In this work Yttria Tetragonal Zirconia Polycrystal, Y-TZP (TZ-8YS, 100 nm), TiO2 (PS-25, 50 nm) and Co (Nilaco, 28 nm) were added to Al2O3 (AKP 50, 300 nm). These starting powders were mixed and hot pressed, in order to fabricate alumina nanocomposites. Mechanical properties of the nanocomposites were estimated using the indentation method. Wear tests were carried out using a ball-on-plate tribometer, with a frequency of 1 Hz, at a load of 49 N, for 1 h. Alumina balls were used as the counterface. Distilled water and fetal bovine serum solution (FBSS) were the environments. The specific wear rate was within 10-8 to 10-7 mm3/N m and the coefficient of friction was around 0.3-0.7. Keeping in mind that wear is a process that starts on the surface and it is related to the physical chemistry of the surfaces, techniques such as scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and X-ray photoelectron spectrometry (XPS) were used to elucidate the role played by the proteins and phospholipids present in the fetal bovine serum solution and the new chemical specie formed on the surface.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering
- Surfaces and Interfaces
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films