Effect of carbon impurity reduction on hydrogen isotope retention in QUEST high temperature wall

Yasuhisa Oya, Atsuko Sano, Yurina Sato, Moeko Nakata, Qilai Zhou, Akihiro Togari, Naoaki Yoshida, Kazuaki Hanada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The W (tungsten) samples were placed at top, equator and bottom walls of QUEST (Q-shu University Experiment with Steady-State Spherical Tokamak) device and exposed 1238 shots of hydrogen plasma during 2016A/W (Autumn/Winter) campaign with normal wall temperature of 473 K (maximum temperature of 523 K). Thereafter, the surface morphology was evaluated by color measurement, TEM (Transmission Electron Microscope) and XPS (X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy). Thick deposition layers were formed on the samples placed at the equator and bottom walls. On the other hand, thin mixed material layer was deposited on the top wall, where large H (hydrogen) retention was observed, which would be caused by dynamic plasma wall interaction (erosion and deposition) with higher H flux. Low H retention was confirmed for bottom wall, where higher wall temperature without He discharge would contribute. The additional 1 keV D 2 + was implanted into these samples and deuterium retention enhancement was estimated. It was clearly found that the irradiation damages would induce more deuterium trapping than the formation of C–D bond.

Original languageEnglish
JournalFusion Engineering and Design
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2019

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Isotopes
Hydrogen
Carbon
Deuterium
Impurities
Tokamak devices
Plasmas
Tungsten
Beam plasma interactions
Temperature
Surface morphology
Erosion
Electron microscopes
X ray photoelectron spectroscopy
Irradiation
Fluxes
Color
Experiments

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Effect of carbon impurity reduction on hydrogen isotope retention in QUEST high temperature wall. / Oya, Yasuhisa; Sano, Atsuko; Sato, Yurina; Nakata, Moeko; Zhou, Qilai; Togari, Akihiro; Yoshida, Naoaki; Hanada, Kazuaki.

In: Fusion Engineering and Design, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Oya, Yasuhisa ; Sano, Atsuko ; Sato, Yurina ; Nakata, Moeko ; Zhou, Qilai ; Togari, Akihiro ; Yoshida, Naoaki ; Hanada, Kazuaki. / Effect of carbon impurity reduction on hydrogen isotope retention in QUEST high temperature wall. In: Fusion Engineering and Design. 2019.
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AU - Zhou, Qilai

AU - Togari, Akihiro

AU - Yoshida, Naoaki

AU - Hanada, Kazuaki

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