Effect of carbon nano inclusion dimensionality on the melting of phase change nanocomposites in vertical shell-tube thermal energy storage unit

Nitesh Das, Yasuyuki Takata, Masamichi Kohno, Sivasankaran Harish

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24 Citations (Scopus)


In the present work, we numerically investigate the melting phenomena of carbon based nanocomposites in vertically oriented shell-tube latent heat thermal energy storage system. Organic alkane n-eicosane was considered as the phase change material and carbon allotropes as the nano fillers to enhance the thermal conductivity of n-alkane. The effect of different carbon allotropes like nanodiamond (spherical), single-walled carbon nanotubes (one-dimensional) and graphene nanoplatelets (two-dimensional) were considered. Thermal conductivity of nanocomposites was modeled using effective medium based formulation taking the interfacial thermal boundary resistance between nanomaterial and the surrounding host matrix into account. Numerical results show that spherical nano inclusions do not enhance the melting rate due to limited enhancement in the thermal conductivity of nanocomposites. However, the inclusion of one-dimensional and two-dimensional nanostructures shorten the melting time by ∼15% and ∼25% respectively at 1 vol% loading as a result of higher thermal conductivity enhancement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)423-431
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2017


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

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