Effect of carbon structure crystallinity on initial stage of iron carburization

Ko-Ichiro Ohno, Takayuki Maeda, Koki Nishioka, Masakata Shimizu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Iron carburization is one of the most important reactions in iron making process. If the rate and efficiency of carburization reaction are increased, energy consumption of the process will be reduced to a large extent. The purpose of this study is to clarify the effect of carbon structure on initial iron carburization behavior for suggestion of effective carbon utilization in iron making process. Samples of different carbon structures were prepared by heat treatment of CH4 decomposed carbon at various temperatures. Carbon structures of prepared carbon samples were analyzed by a Raman spectroscopy. For experiments, high-purity iron samples directly-contacted with carbon were prepared. A laser microscope combined with an infrared image furnace was used for heating of the sample and "in-situ" observation of carburization phenomena. Carbon concentration profile in iron sample was analyzed by a wavelength dispersion type electron probe micro analyzer. The results of this work showed that primary Fe-C liquid formation temperature became lower from 1 439 to 1 431 K with use of lower crystallization carbon. It was indicated that utilization of the lower crystallization degree of carbon structure causes formation of primary Fe-C liquid at the lower temperature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)53-58
Number of pages6
JournalISIJ International
Volume50
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 29 2010

Fingerprint

Carbon
Iron
Crystallization
Liquids
Temperature
Raman spectroscopy
Furnaces
Microscopes
Energy utilization
Heat treatment
Infrared radiation
Heating
Wavelength
Electrons
Lasers

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Effect of carbon structure crystallinity on initial stage of iron carburization. / Ohno, Ko-Ichiro; Maeda, Takayuki; Nishioka, Koki; Shimizu, Masakata.

In: ISIJ International, Vol. 50, No. 1, 29.03.2010, p. 53-58.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{aeeab54563c74738a77d59182cd43745,
title = "Effect of carbon structure crystallinity on initial stage of iron carburization",
abstract = "Iron carburization is one of the most important reactions in iron making process. If the rate and efficiency of carburization reaction are increased, energy consumption of the process will be reduced to a large extent. The purpose of this study is to clarify the effect of carbon structure on initial iron carburization behavior for suggestion of effective carbon utilization in iron making process. Samples of different carbon structures were prepared by heat treatment of CH4 decomposed carbon at various temperatures. Carbon structures of prepared carbon samples were analyzed by a Raman spectroscopy. For experiments, high-purity iron samples directly-contacted with carbon were prepared. A laser microscope combined with an infrared image furnace was used for heating of the sample and {"}in-situ{"} observation of carburization phenomena. Carbon concentration profile in iron sample was analyzed by a wavelength dispersion type electron probe micro analyzer. The results of this work showed that primary Fe-C liquid formation temperature became lower from 1 439 to 1 431 K with use of lower crystallization carbon. It was indicated that utilization of the lower crystallization degree of carbon structure causes formation of primary Fe-C liquid at the lower temperature.",
author = "Ko-Ichiro Ohno and Takayuki Maeda and Koki Nishioka and Masakata Shimizu",
year = "2010",
month = "3",
day = "29",
doi = "10.2355/isijinternational.50.53",
language = "English",
volume = "50",
pages = "53--58",
journal = "ISIJ International",
issn = "0915-1559",
publisher = "Iron and Steel Institute of Japan",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effect of carbon structure crystallinity on initial stage of iron carburization

AU - Ohno, Ko-Ichiro

AU - Maeda, Takayuki

AU - Nishioka, Koki

AU - Shimizu, Masakata

PY - 2010/3/29

Y1 - 2010/3/29

N2 - Iron carburization is one of the most important reactions in iron making process. If the rate and efficiency of carburization reaction are increased, energy consumption of the process will be reduced to a large extent. The purpose of this study is to clarify the effect of carbon structure on initial iron carburization behavior for suggestion of effective carbon utilization in iron making process. Samples of different carbon structures were prepared by heat treatment of CH4 decomposed carbon at various temperatures. Carbon structures of prepared carbon samples were analyzed by a Raman spectroscopy. For experiments, high-purity iron samples directly-contacted with carbon were prepared. A laser microscope combined with an infrared image furnace was used for heating of the sample and "in-situ" observation of carburization phenomena. Carbon concentration profile in iron sample was analyzed by a wavelength dispersion type electron probe micro analyzer. The results of this work showed that primary Fe-C liquid formation temperature became lower from 1 439 to 1 431 K with use of lower crystallization carbon. It was indicated that utilization of the lower crystallization degree of carbon structure causes formation of primary Fe-C liquid at the lower temperature.

AB - Iron carburization is one of the most important reactions in iron making process. If the rate and efficiency of carburization reaction are increased, energy consumption of the process will be reduced to a large extent. The purpose of this study is to clarify the effect of carbon structure on initial iron carburization behavior for suggestion of effective carbon utilization in iron making process. Samples of different carbon structures were prepared by heat treatment of CH4 decomposed carbon at various temperatures. Carbon structures of prepared carbon samples were analyzed by a Raman spectroscopy. For experiments, high-purity iron samples directly-contacted with carbon were prepared. A laser microscope combined with an infrared image furnace was used for heating of the sample and "in-situ" observation of carburization phenomena. Carbon concentration profile in iron sample was analyzed by a wavelength dispersion type electron probe micro analyzer. The results of this work showed that primary Fe-C liquid formation temperature became lower from 1 439 to 1 431 K with use of lower crystallization carbon. It was indicated that utilization of the lower crystallization degree of carbon structure causes formation of primary Fe-C liquid at the lower temperature.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77949838354&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=77949838354&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.2355/isijinternational.50.53

DO - 10.2355/isijinternational.50.53

M3 - Article

VL - 50

SP - 53

EP - 58

JO - ISIJ International

JF - ISIJ International

SN - 0915-1559

IS - 1

ER -