Effect of chemical modifications of tryptophan residues on the folding of reduced hen egg-white lysozyme

Tadashi Ueda, Hidenori Yamada, Hidenori Aoki, Taiji Imoto

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Abstract

The effects of chemical modifications of Trp62 and Trp108 on the folding of hen egg-white lysozyme from the reduced form were investigated by means of the sulfhydryl-disulfide interchange reaction at pH 8 and 40°C. The folding of reduced lysozyme was monitored by following the recovery of the original activity. Under the conditions employed, the apparent first-order rate constant for the folding of reduced lysozyme was not changed by the modifications of both Trp62 and Trp108 and the folding was completed within 30 min. However, the extent of the correct folding was changed by the modification of Trp62 but not by that of Trp108. Native and oxindolealanine108 lysozymes recovered 80 and 81% of their original activities after 30-min refolding, respectively, but Trp62-modified lysozymes recovered their activities to a lesser extent than native and oxindolealanine108 lysozymes. The recovered activities of Trp62-modified lysozymes after 30-min refolding were 63% for oxindolealanine62 lysozyme, 65% for δ1, -carboxamidomethylthiotryptophan62 lysozyme, and 52% for δ1-carboxymethylthiotryptophan62 lysozyme. These results suggest that Trp62 is important for preventing the misfolding of reduced lysozyme, but that neither Trp62 nor Trp108 is involved in the rate-determining step (the slowest step) in the folding pathway. A decrease in the hydrophobic nature of Trp62 seems to increase the misfolding and thus to decrease the extent of the correct folding of reduced lysozyme. A mechanism for the involvement of Trp62 in the folding pathway of reduced lysozyme is proposed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)886-892
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biochemistry
Volume108
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1990

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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