Effect of dimethylthiourea, a hydroxyl radical scavenger, on cigarette smoke-induced bronchoconstriction in guinea pigs

Koichiro Matsumoto, Hisamichi Aizawa, Hiromasa Inoue, Hiroshi Koto, Satoru Fukuyama, Nobuyuki Hara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cigarette smoke exposure causes bronchoconstriction in guinea pigs by stimulating cholinergic and excitatory nonadrenergic, noncholinergic (eNANC)- nerves in vagus system. The aim of this study is to elucidate the role of hydroxyl radical (OH-), contained in cigarette smoke, in bronchoconstriction. Anaesthetized animals were exposed to 80 puffs of smoke for 4 min. Pretreatment with dimethylthiourea, a OH- scavenger, significantly inhibited cigarette smoke-induced bronchoconstriction. To investigate its site of action, effects of dimethylthiourea were examined on vagally mediated bronchcoconstriction by electrical stimulation and on the bronchoconstriction by intravenous acetylcholine and neurokinin-A. Dimethylthiourea did not inhibit bronchoconstriction evoked by vagal stimulation, acetylcholine or neurokinin-A. These results suggest that dimethylthiourea inhibits cigarette smoke-induced bronchoconstriction by scavenging the smoke-derived OH-, but not by inhibiting airway nerve function. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)157-161
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean Journal of Pharmacology
Volume403
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2000

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmacology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Effect of dimethylthiourea, a hydroxyl radical scavenger, on cigarette smoke-induced bronchoconstriction in guinea pigs'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this