A Distributed Constraint Satisfaction Problem (DisCSP) is a constraint satisfaction problem in which variables and constraints are distributed among multiple agents. Various algorithms for solving DisCSPs have been developed, which are intended for general purposes, i.e., they can be applied to any network structure. However, if a network has some particular structure, e.g., the network structure is scale-free, we can expect that some specialized algorithms/heuristics, which are tuned for the network structure, can outperform general purpose algorithms/heuristics. In this paper, as an initial step toward developing specialized algorithms for particular network structures, we examine variable-ordering heuristics in scale-free networks. We use the classic asynchronous backtracking algorithm (ABT) as a baseline algorithm and examine the effect of variable-ordering heuristics. First, we show that the choice of variable-ordering heuristics is more influential in scale-free networks than in random networks. Furthermore, we develop a novel variable-ordering heuristic that is specialized to scale-free networks. In the evaluations, we show that our new variable-ordering heuristic is more effective than a standard degree-based variable-ordering heuristic. Our proposed heuristic reduces the required cycles by 30% at the critical point where the required cycles are maximum.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Computer Science(all)