Effect of Fe-Zn upper coating on stone chipping resistance of zinc alloy coated steel sheets

Hiroaki Nakano, Masaaki Urai, Masatoshi Iwai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The effect of Fe-15%Zn upper coating on stone chipping resistance of galvannealed steel sheet and Zn-Ni electroplated steel sheet was investigated by using gravelometer under the temperature of -20 °C after three-coat painting (phosphate, electropaint, primer surfacer and top coat) for automobile outer panel. (1) The plating/base-steel interface damage diameter by the stone chipping decreases largely by plating Fe-Zn upper coating on zinc alloy coated steel sheets. On the other hand, the electropaint/phosphate interface damage diameter increases by Fe-Zn upper coating. (2) P-ratio [Phosphophyllite/(Phosphophyllite+Hopeite)] of phosphate film of zinc alloy plated steel sheets increases by Fe-Zn upper coating. The peeling resistance between electropaint and phosphate film against impact becomes low when P-ratio is high. From these results, the reason why the peeling at plating/steel interface decreases when Fe-Zn upper coating is applied seems as follows: Under the condition where Fe-Zn upper coating is applied to zinc alloy plated steel sheets, the peeling resistance at electropaint/phosphate interface is weaker than that at plating/steel interface, then the peeling occurred at interface between electropaint and phosphate, which consumes the kinetic energy of gravel, so peeling at plating/steel interface becomes small.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39-44
Number of pages6
JournalTetsu-To-Hagane/Journal of the Iron and Steel Institute of Japan
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1999
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

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