The steady flow and the dynamic viscoelastic properties of cellulose fiber suspensions were investigated as functions of the suspension concentration and the fiber shape using a parallel-plate type rheometer. Various concentrations of the suspensions were made from various types of cellulose fibers, i.e., microcrystalline cellulose, bacterial cellulose, and fibrillated cellulose fibers. All the suspensions showed non-Newtonian flow even at very low concentrations. The flow property of each suspension showed a plateau of the shear stress, i.e., the yield stress, over a critical concentration. The critical concentration obtained from the experiment agreed well with the value theoretically calculated from the axial ratio of the fibers. The dynamic moduli of the suspensions were almost independent of the angular frequency, and they increased with the fiber concentration. The dynamic storage moduli increased in proportion to the 9/4th power of the fiber concentration. This power of 9/4 is coincident with that theoretically required for polymer gels. This fact suggests that the rigidity of the suspensions has appeared by the same mechanism from the order of cellulose fibers to microcrystalline cellulose fibers, and even to polymer molecules.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering