Effect of fiber surface treatment and fiber loading on the properties of bagasse fiber-reinforced unsaturated polyester composites

V. Vilay, M. Mariatti, R. Mat Taib, Mitsugu Todo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

198 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Bagasse fiber is a residue of a sugarcane milling process. In this research, bagasse fiber has been used as reinforcing component for unsaturated polyester resin (USP) to open up further possibilities in waste management. The chemical treatments using sodium hydroxide (NaOH) and acrylic acid (AA) were carried out to modify the fiber properties. The effect of different fiber treatment and the fiber content on the composite properties were investigated. At different fiber loadings, AA treated fiber composites shows better mechanical properties compared to those of NaOH treated fiber composites. SEM investigations show that the surface modifications improve the fiber-matrix interaction. Moreover, the storage modulus of dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA) indicated that NaOH and AA treated fibers based composites enhance the storage modulus of the composites. From water absorption study, it was observed that the treated fiber composites show lower water absorption properties compared to those of untreated fiber based composites.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)631-638
Number of pages8
JournalComposites Science and Technology
Volume68
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2008

Fingerprint

Bagasse
Polyesters
Surface treatment
Fibers
Composite materials
Acrylics
Water absorption
Acids
bagasse
Elastic moduli
Sodium Hydroxide
Polyester resins
Dynamic mechanical analysis
Waste management
Sodium

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Effect of fiber surface treatment and fiber loading on the properties of bagasse fiber-reinforced unsaturated polyester composites. / Vilay, V.; Mariatti, M.; Mat Taib, R.; Todo, Mitsugu.

In: Composites Science and Technology, Vol. 68, No. 3-4, 01.03.2008, p. 631-638.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{0c0793dd182a4651bb11703a19693cd9,
title = "Effect of fiber surface treatment and fiber loading on the properties of bagasse fiber-reinforced unsaturated polyester composites",
abstract = "Bagasse fiber is a residue of a sugarcane milling process. In this research, bagasse fiber has been used as reinforcing component for unsaturated polyester resin (USP) to open up further possibilities in waste management. The chemical treatments using sodium hydroxide (NaOH) and acrylic acid (AA) were carried out to modify the fiber properties. The effect of different fiber treatment and the fiber content on the composite properties were investigated. At different fiber loadings, AA treated fiber composites shows better mechanical properties compared to those of NaOH treated fiber composites. SEM investigations show that the surface modifications improve the fiber-matrix interaction. Moreover, the storage modulus of dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA) indicated that NaOH and AA treated fibers based composites enhance the storage modulus of the composites. From water absorption study, it was observed that the treated fiber composites show lower water absorption properties compared to those of untreated fiber based composites.",
author = "V. Vilay and M. Mariatti and {Mat Taib}, R. and Mitsugu Todo",
year = "2008",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.compscitech.2007.10.005",
language = "English",
volume = "68",
pages = "631--638",
journal = "Composites Science and Technology",
issn = "0266-3538",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",
number = "3-4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effect of fiber surface treatment and fiber loading on the properties of bagasse fiber-reinforced unsaturated polyester composites

AU - Vilay, V.

AU - Mariatti, M.

AU - Mat Taib, R.

AU - Todo, Mitsugu

PY - 2008/3/1

Y1 - 2008/3/1

N2 - Bagasse fiber is a residue of a sugarcane milling process. In this research, bagasse fiber has been used as reinforcing component for unsaturated polyester resin (USP) to open up further possibilities in waste management. The chemical treatments using sodium hydroxide (NaOH) and acrylic acid (AA) were carried out to modify the fiber properties. The effect of different fiber treatment and the fiber content on the composite properties were investigated. At different fiber loadings, AA treated fiber composites shows better mechanical properties compared to those of NaOH treated fiber composites. SEM investigations show that the surface modifications improve the fiber-matrix interaction. Moreover, the storage modulus of dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA) indicated that NaOH and AA treated fibers based composites enhance the storage modulus of the composites. From water absorption study, it was observed that the treated fiber composites show lower water absorption properties compared to those of untreated fiber based composites.

AB - Bagasse fiber is a residue of a sugarcane milling process. In this research, bagasse fiber has been used as reinforcing component for unsaturated polyester resin (USP) to open up further possibilities in waste management. The chemical treatments using sodium hydroxide (NaOH) and acrylic acid (AA) were carried out to modify the fiber properties. The effect of different fiber treatment and the fiber content on the composite properties were investigated. At different fiber loadings, AA treated fiber composites shows better mechanical properties compared to those of NaOH treated fiber composites. SEM investigations show that the surface modifications improve the fiber-matrix interaction. Moreover, the storage modulus of dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA) indicated that NaOH and AA treated fibers based composites enhance the storage modulus of the composites. From water absorption study, it was observed that the treated fiber composites show lower water absorption properties compared to those of untreated fiber based composites.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=38849209976&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=38849209976&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.compscitech.2007.10.005

DO - 10.1016/j.compscitech.2007.10.005

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:38849209976

VL - 68

SP - 631

EP - 638

JO - Composites Science and Technology

JF - Composites Science and Technology

SN - 0266-3538

IS - 3-4

ER -