The Earth's foreshock extends to a large domain of upstream quasi-parallel bow shock, and is characterized by a presence of field-aligned beams (FABs), diffuse ions, ultra-low frequency (ULF) waves, high frequency whistler waves, shocklets, and so on. Kinetic self-consistent numerical simulation is one of the key tools to analyze detailed physics of the foreshock which has not been clearly understood. Because of the necessity of the large simulation domain, a full particle-in-cell (PIC) simulation of quasi-parallel shock has seldom been performed. In this paper we show preliminary results of a long-term and large-scale one-dimensional full PIC simulation of the quasi-parallel collisionless shock with the Alfvén Mach number 6.6 and shock angle 20 degrees. The FAB component is observed far upstream with the beam velocity of 10.5 times the Alfvén velocity and the beam density of 0.5 % of the background plasma. This FAB generates right-handed Alfvén waves in the plasma rest frame via resonant mode instability, and the excited waves are amplified as approaching the shock during the plasma convection. The number densities of energetic particles for both electrons and ions also increase as approaching the shock.
|Journal||Proceedings of Science|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1 2017|
|Event||35th International Cosmic Ray Conference, ICRC 2017 - Bexco, Busan, Korea, Republic of|
Duration: Jul 10 2017 → Jul 20 2017
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes