Effect of field-aligned beam on upstream wave excitation and particle scattering in the earth's foreshock: One-dimensional PIC simulation

    Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

    Abstract

    The Earth's foreshock extends to a large domain of upstream quasi-parallel bow shock, and is characterized by a presence of field-aligned beams (FABs), diffuse ions, ultra-low frequency (ULF) waves, high frequency whistler waves, shocklets, and so on. Kinetic self-consistent numerical simulation is one of the key tools to analyze detailed physics of the foreshock which has not been clearly understood. Because of the necessity of the large simulation domain, a full particle-in-cell (PIC) simulation of quasi-parallel shock has seldom been performed. In this paper we show preliminary results of a long-term and large-scale one-dimensional full PIC simulation of the quasi-parallel collisionless shock with the Alfvén Mach number 6.6 and shock angle 20 degrees. The FAB component is observed far upstream with the beam velocity of 10.5 times the Alfvén velocity and the beam density of 0.5 % of the background plasma. This FAB generates right-handed Alfvén waves in the plasma rest frame via resonant mode instability, and the excited waves are amplified as approaching the shock during the plasma convection. The number densities of energetic particles for both electrons and ions also increase as approaching the shock.

    Original languageEnglish
    JournalProceedings of Science
    Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2017
    Event35th International Cosmic Ray Conference, ICRC 2017 - Bexco, Busan, Korea, Republic of
    Duration: Jul 10 2017Jul 20 2017

    Fingerprint

    wave excitation
    upstream
    shock
    cells
    scattering
    simulation
    extremely low frequencies
    bows
    energetic particles
    Mach number
    ions
    convection
    physics
    kinetics
    electrons

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • General

    Cite this

    @article{3d26e4ae90724b12956847eb0d9ceac4,
    title = "Effect of field-aligned beam on upstream wave excitation and particle scattering in the earth's foreshock: One-dimensional PIC simulation",
    abstract = "The Earth's foreshock extends to a large domain of upstream quasi-parallel bow shock, and is characterized by a presence of field-aligned beams (FABs), diffuse ions, ultra-low frequency (ULF) waves, high frequency whistler waves, shocklets, and so on. Kinetic self-consistent numerical simulation is one of the key tools to analyze detailed physics of the foreshock which has not been clearly understood. Because of the necessity of the large simulation domain, a full particle-in-cell (PIC) simulation of quasi-parallel shock has seldom been performed. In this paper we show preliminary results of a long-term and large-scale one-dimensional full PIC simulation of the quasi-parallel collisionless shock with the Alfv{\'e}n Mach number 6.6 and shock angle 20 degrees. The FAB component is observed far upstream with the beam velocity of 10.5 times the Alfv{\'e}n velocity and the beam density of 0.5 {\%} of the background plasma. This FAB generates right-handed Alfv{\'e}n waves in the plasma rest frame via resonant mode instability, and the excited waves are amplified as approaching the shock during the plasma convection. The number densities of energetic particles for both electrons and ions also increase as approaching the shock.",
    author = "F. Otsuka and Shuichi Matsukiyo and Tohru Hada",
    year = "2017",
    month = "1",
    day = "1",
    language = "English",
    journal = "Proceedings of Science",
    issn = "1824-8039",
    publisher = "Sissa Medialab Srl",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Effect of field-aligned beam on upstream wave excitation and particle scattering in the earth's foreshock

    T2 - One-dimensional PIC simulation

    AU - Otsuka, F.

    AU - Matsukiyo, Shuichi

    AU - Hada, Tohru

    PY - 2017/1/1

    Y1 - 2017/1/1

    N2 - The Earth's foreshock extends to a large domain of upstream quasi-parallel bow shock, and is characterized by a presence of field-aligned beams (FABs), diffuse ions, ultra-low frequency (ULF) waves, high frequency whistler waves, shocklets, and so on. Kinetic self-consistent numerical simulation is one of the key tools to analyze detailed physics of the foreshock which has not been clearly understood. Because of the necessity of the large simulation domain, a full particle-in-cell (PIC) simulation of quasi-parallel shock has seldom been performed. In this paper we show preliminary results of a long-term and large-scale one-dimensional full PIC simulation of the quasi-parallel collisionless shock with the Alfvén Mach number 6.6 and shock angle 20 degrees. The FAB component is observed far upstream with the beam velocity of 10.5 times the Alfvén velocity and the beam density of 0.5 % of the background plasma. This FAB generates right-handed Alfvén waves in the plasma rest frame via resonant mode instability, and the excited waves are amplified as approaching the shock during the plasma convection. The number densities of energetic particles for both electrons and ions also increase as approaching the shock.

    AB - The Earth's foreshock extends to a large domain of upstream quasi-parallel bow shock, and is characterized by a presence of field-aligned beams (FABs), diffuse ions, ultra-low frequency (ULF) waves, high frequency whistler waves, shocklets, and so on. Kinetic self-consistent numerical simulation is one of the key tools to analyze detailed physics of the foreshock which has not been clearly understood. Because of the necessity of the large simulation domain, a full particle-in-cell (PIC) simulation of quasi-parallel shock has seldom been performed. In this paper we show preliminary results of a long-term and large-scale one-dimensional full PIC simulation of the quasi-parallel collisionless shock with the Alfvén Mach number 6.6 and shock angle 20 degrees. The FAB component is observed far upstream with the beam velocity of 10.5 times the Alfvén velocity and the beam density of 0.5 % of the background plasma. This FAB generates right-handed Alfvén waves in the plasma rest frame via resonant mode instability, and the excited waves are amplified as approaching the shock during the plasma convection. The number densities of energetic particles for both electrons and ions also increase as approaching the shock.

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85046060481&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85046060481&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    M3 - Conference article

    AN - SCOPUS:85046060481

    JO - Proceedings of Science

    JF - Proceedings of Science

    SN - 1824-8039

    ER -