Effect of Hf on the microstructure and martensitic transformation behavior in Ti–Pd–Hf alloy

M. Matsuda, K. Kiwaki, H. Akamine, M. Nishida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We investigated the microstructure and the crystallography of martensite variants in Ti–Pd–Hf alloy using electron microscopy. The martensitic transformation temperature decreased with increasing amount of Hf substituted into the Ti50−xPd50Hfx alloy. No indication of a martensitic transformation was observed in the as-quenched Ti25Pd50Hf25 and Ti10Pd50Hf40 alloys, even when the samples were cooled to 150 K. The Ti40Pd50Hf10, Ti35Pd50Hf15, and Ti30Pd50Hf20 alloys were composed of a B19 orthorhombic phase having plate-like habit-plane variants consisting of both major and minor correspondence variants several hundred nanometers in width and several tens of micrometers in length at room temperature. Lattice-invariant shear of these alloys was a {111}B19 Type I twin. A solution-treated sample of the Ti25Pd50Hf25 alloy consisted of a B2 cubic matrix with local atomic displacement and lattice distortions, and rounded H-phase particles several tens of nanometers in diameter were precipitated inside the B2 matrix upon aging of the specimen at 823 K for 10.8 ks. The as-quenched Ti10Pd50Hf40 alloy contained rounded H-phase particles several tens of nanometers in diameter embedded in a B2 matrix at room temperature. The martensitic transformation temperature in the Ti50−xPd50Hfx alloy was drastically decreased by both the fully coherent nanosized H-phase particles and the short-range order originating from clustering of solute atoms.

Original languageEnglish
Article number165491
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Volume917
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 5 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

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