Effect of high pressure on the melting relation in the system Mg2SiO4-MgSiO3 part I. Eutectic relation up to 7 GPa

Takumi Kato, Mineo Kumazawa

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Abstract

The melting temperature and eutectic relation of the system Mg2SiO4 (forsterite)-MgSiO3 (enstatite) have been experimentally determined at pressures of 3 and 7 GPa. The melting temperatures are; 1,975°C and 2,125°C for forsterite; 1,825°C and 2,050°C for enstatite; and 1,775°C and 2,000°C for eutectic points of the binary system at 3 GPa and 7 GPa, respectively. On the basis of the liquid composition coexisting with the end member minerals, the eutectic composition is determined as Fo12En88 and Fo21En79 in mol percent, at each pressure. The difference of the melting temperatures between forsterite and enstatite decreases with a rise in pressure. Its decreasing rate is correlated with the shift of the eutectic composition towards the forsterite-rich side of the system. The observed trend in eutectic composition suggests that the eutectic composition in this binary system does not go much toward the magnesiumrich side at higher pressures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)513-524
Number of pages12
Journaljournal of physics of the earth
Volume33
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1985

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forsterite
enstatite
melting
temperature
liquid
effect
mineral

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this

Effect of high pressure on the melting relation in the system Mg2SiO4-MgSiO3 part I. Eutectic relation up to 7 GPa. / Kato, Takumi; Kumazawa, Mineo.

In: journal of physics of the earth, Vol. 33, No. 6, 01.01.1985, p. 513-524.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "The melting temperature and eutectic relation of the system Mg2SiO4 (forsterite)-MgSiO3 (enstatite) have been experimentally determined at pressures of 3 and 7 GPa. The melting temperatures are; 1,975°C and 2,125°C for forsterite; 1,825°C and 2,050°C for enstatite; and 1,775°C and 2,000°C for eutectic points of the binary system at 3 GPa and 7 GPa, respectively. On the basis of the liquid composition coexisting with the end member minerals, the eutectic composition is determined as Fo12En88 and Fo21En79 in mol percent, at each pressure. The difference of the melting temperatures between forsterite and enstatite decreases with a rise in pressure. Its decreasing rate is correlated with the shift of the eutectic composition towards the forsterite-rich side of the system. The observed trend in eutectic composition suggests that the eutectic composition in this binary system does not go much toward the magnesiumrich side at higher pressures.",
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