The fatigue crack growth (FCG) from a small hole in a low alloy steel JIS-SCM435 round bar was investigated using tension-compression fatigue tests in 0.7 MPa hydrogen gas and ambient air. In the higher FCG rate regime (da/dN > 10-8 m/cycle), FCG was accelerated in hydrogen gas as compared to in air. On the other hand, in the lower FCG rate regime (da/dN < 10-8 m/cycle), FCG in hydrogen was rather slower than that in air. There was no noticeable difference in fatigue limits between these two atmospheres. The FCG in the respective atmospheres showed a typical small crack behavior, i.e. the da/dN for small cracks were much greater than those for large cracks obtained by compact tension (CT) specimen when they were compared at the same ΔK level. In order to unify such a discrepancy of FCG behavior between small crack and large crack, the strain intensity factor range ΔKε was adopted. As a result, the da/dN data for various crack sizes was gathered in a narrow band, i.e. the small crack effect was successfully evaluated with the strain intensity. Moreover, the crack growth life was predicted based on the da/dN-ΔKε relation. The reproduced S-N curve showed a conservative agreement with the fatigue life obtained by experiments.