Creep behaviors and microstructures for two Ni-based heat-resistant alloys with different carbon contents were investigated. The chemical compositions of the alloys were Ni-20Cr-15Co-6Mo-1Ti-2Al-2Nb-0.004 and 0.021C (mass%). The 0.004C and 0.021C alloys are referred to as the low-and high-C alloys, respectively. After solid-solution treatment at 1373 K for 1 h and isothermal annealing at 1023 K for 32 h, fine Ni3Al (γ) particles were formed in the grain interior of both alloys. The average diameter and number density of γ particles were similar in both alloys. M23C6 carbides were formed on grain boundaries after the isothermal annealing. Coverage ratios with the carbides in the high-C alloy were higher than that in the low-C alloys. Creep tests were performed at 1123 K and 130 MPa. The rupture time for the high-C alloy was longer than that for the low-C alloy, though both minimum creep rates were similar. In the high-C alloy, the creep strain was stored uniformly in the grain interior and the formation of a precipitate-free zone during the creep deformation was suppressed. Therefore, intergranular carbides with a high coverage ratio decreased the creep rate in the acceleration region.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering