The microstructural evolution of an S304H steel during bar rolling to a strain of 4 and subsequent annealing as well as its effect on the mechanical properties were investigated. The cold working was accompanied by a strain-induced martensitic transformation, leading to the development of lamellar-type microstructure consisting of highly elongated austenite/ferrite subgrains with a mean transverse size of approximately 50. nm; the austenite volume fraction was approximately 0.35. This material exhibited a yield strength above 2000. MPa. The subsequent annealing resulted in grain coarsening following the ferrite → austenite reversion, which led to almost full austenitization at temperatures above 700 °C. The formation of the austenite/ferrite lamellar structure that mixed with separate equiaxed grains occurred after annealing at temperatures of T≤ 700 °C. The grain coarsening was accompanied by a degradation in strength, although the yield strength of above 1000. MPa remained after 2. h of annealing at 700 °C. The discontinuous recrystallization of austenite resulted in the development of a relatively coarse-grained microstructure at T≥ 800 °C.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering