Different-mode-interacting boiling has been proven to improve the critical heat flux (CHF) inside narrow gaps in a water pool in previous studies. This method expands the area of the wetted region and delays the occurrence of CHF with the irregular movement of the vapor and liquid near the boundary between two thermally different materials with interaction of different boiling modes on the non-uniform conductance plate. In the present study, while retaining the characteristics of this method, further improvement of heat transfer characteristics was investigated. To increase the density of different material boundaries, a new arrangement of low-conductance material with cross-type geometry was adopted. The performance on a horizontally arranged 20 mm square copper surface was compared with those of parallel arrangement and the conventional form. Furthermore, performance under the open forms of narrow gaps to surrounding liquid of 2 sides and 4 sides were examined with gap size and material pitch as parameters. Significant enhancements in CHF are achieved in cross-type arrangements. The maximum CHF of 1140 kW/m2 and 946 kW/m2 with large increases of 83% and 75% were achieved for 4-sides-open and 2-sides-open systems, respectively.
|Journal||Applied Thermal Engineering|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 5 2021|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering