Effect of Mine Water on the Stability of Underground Coal Mine Roadways

Takashi Sasaoka, Tri Karian, Akihiro Hamanaka, Hideki Shimada, Kikuo Matsui, Masatomo Ichinose

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The basic objectives of mine roadways are to provide sufficient cross sections to accommodate equipment, transport, personnel travel and ventilation. However, many roadways become damaged to the extent of needing maintenance, generally dinting, and in some cases requiring re-ripping. Strata conditions play important effects on stability of roadways and other mining activities. Weak rocks cause excessive roadway closures, and water softens some rocks and worsens the closure problem. Therefore, study on effect of mine water on the stability of underground coal mine roadways is important for underground coal mine development. A scientific discussion on the effect of water on the stability of roadways is given on the basis of results obtained by means of field investigation and laboratory tests. Based on analysis, rock in saturated condition has only between 0.19 to 0.49 of its compressive strength and 0.17 to 0.59 of its tensile strength in dry condition. Among the coal measures rock in research area, water has the most obvious effect on the strength reduction of shale. The slaking behavior of shale has also been the worst among the other. Field investigation of roadway driven in shale shown vertical closure in the wet and dry condition area reached 40–60 and 5–15 cm respectively, in 30 days after the drivage. Among the measures, drainage is considered to be the most economical and simplest method to reduce the water content in the rocks or the rock masses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)671-678
Number of pages8
JournalGeotechnical and Geological Engineering
Volume34
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2016

Fingerprint

Coal mines
coal
coal mine
rocks
Rocks
shale
Shale
rock
Water
water
slaking
weak rock
Coal Measures
ripping
saturated conditions
tensile strength
compressive strength
ventilation
travel
Water content

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Architecture
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Soil Science
  • Geology

Cite this

Effect of Mine Water on the Stability of Underground Coal Mine Roadways. / Sasaoka, Takashi; Karian, Tri; Hamanaka, Akihiro; Shimada, Hideki; Matsui, Kikuo; Ichinose, Masatomo.

In: Geotechnical and Geological Engineering, Vol. 34, No. 2, 01.04.2016, p. 671-678.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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