Effect of Multiple Clock Gene Ablations on the Circadian Period Length and Temperature Compensation in Mammalian Cells

Yoshiki Tsuchiya, Yasuhiro Umemura, Yoichi Minami, Nobuya Koike, Toshihiro Hosokawa, Masayuki Hara, Hiroshi Ito, Hitoshi Inokawa, Kazuhiro Yagita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Most organisms have cell-autonomous circadian clocks to coordinate their activity and physiology according to 24-h environmental changes. Despite recent progress in circadian studies, it is not fully understood how the period length and the robustness of mammalian circadian rhythms are determined. In this study, we established a series of mouse embryonic stem cell (ESC) lines with single or multiplex clock gene ablations using the CRISPR/Cas9-based genome editing method. ESC-based in vitro circadian clock formation assay shows that the CRISPR-mediated clock gene disruption not only reproduces the intrinsic circadian molecular rhythms of previously reported mice tissues and cells lacking clock genes but also reveals that complexed mutations, such as CKIm/m:CKI+/m:Cry2m/m mutants, exhibit an additively lengthened circadian period. By using these mutant cells, we also investigated the relation between period length alteration and temperature compensation. Although CKI-deficient cells slightly affected the temperature insensitivity of period length, we demonstrated that the temperature compensation property is largely maintained in all mutants. These results show that the ESC-based assay system could offer a more systematic and comprehensive approach to the genotype-chronotype analysis of the intracellular circadian clockwork in mammals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)48-56
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Rhythms
Volume31
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2016

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Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats
Circadian Clocks
Temperature
Embryonic Stem Cells
Circadian Rhythm
Genes
Colony-Forming Units Assay
Mammals
Genotype
Cell Line
Mutation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

Cite this

Effect of Multiple Clock Gene Ablations on the Circadian Period Length and Temperature Compensation in Mammalian Cells. / Tsuchiya, Yoshiki; Umemura, Yasuhiro; Minami, Yoichi; Koike, Nobuya; Hosokawa, Toshihiro; Hara, Masayuki; Ito, Hiroshi; Inokawa, Hitoshi; Yagita, Kazuhiro.

In: Journal of Biological Rhythms, Vol. 31, No. 1, 01.02.2016, p. 48-56.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tsuchiya, Y, Umemura, Y, Minami, Y, Koike, N, Hosokawa, T, Hara, M, Ito, H, Inokawa, H & Yagita, K 2016, 'Effect of Multiple Clock Gene Ablations on the Circadian Period Length and Temperature Compensation in Mammalian Cells', Journal of Biological Rhythms, vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 48-56. https://doi.org/10.1177/0748730415613888
Tsuchiya, Yoshiki ; Umemura, Yasuhiro ; Minami, Yoichi ; Koike, Nobuya ; Hosokawa, Toshihiro ; Hara, Masayuki ; Ito, Hiroshi ; Inokawa, Hitoshi ; Yagita, Kazuhiro. / Effect of Multiple Clock Gene Ablations on the Circadian Period Length and Temperature Compensation in Mammalian Cells. In: Journal of Biological Rhythms. 2016 ; Vol. 31, No. 1. pp. 48-56.
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