Effect of nitrogen on the microstructure and hardness of high-carbon high-speed steel type alloy

Ryutaro Hara, Masahiro Yamamoto, Gen Ito, Kazunori Kamimiyada, Ichihito Narita, Hirofumi Miyahara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Influence of nitrogen addition as one of the alloying element on the formation of solidification structure and the improvement of hardness after thermal treatments was investigated for high-speed steel type alloys (Fe-1.7∼2.3%C-5%Cr-5%Mo-5%V). Nitrogen content was successively varied from 48 ppm to 1542 ppm by the mixing of Cr2N into the molten alloy. Analysis of diffraction pattern reveals the formation of M2CN carbonitride at N-containing specimen, whereas the eutectic MC carbides containing mainly V solidifies at N-free specimen. The macrohardness of the quenched specimens gradually increases with increasing quenching temperature. Nitrogen addition helps to improve the hardness as carbon does. Macrohardness of the quenched specimen depends on both the amount and hardness of martensite matrix. The specimen, which contains high volume fraction of retained austenite, shows the superior secondary hardening after the optimized twice tempering. Furthermore, the hardening of specimens is enhanced by nitrogen addition. The precipitation of nano-size carbonitride is observed around primary micro-size carbonitride, which indicated that M2CN carbonitride diffuses nitrogen, causes carbonitride precipitation, and finally develops macrohardness at N-containing specimen.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)169-175
Number of pages7
JournalNippon Kinzoku Gakkaishi/Journal of the Japan Institute of Metals
Volume79
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2015

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Carbon nitride
Steel
Nitrogen
Carbon
hardness
Hardness
high speed
steels
nitrogen
microstructure
Microstructure
carbon
Hardening
hardening
Tempering
Alloying elements
Martensite
Austenite
Eutectics
Diffraction patterns

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Effect of nitrogen on the microstructure and hardness of high-carbon high-speed steel type alloy. / Hara, Ryutaro; Yamamoto, Masahiro; Ito, Gen; Kamimiyada, Kazunori; Narita, Ichihito; Miyahara, Hirofumi.

In: Nippon Kinzoku Gakkaishi/Journal of the Japan Institute of Metals, Vol. 79, No. 4, 01.04.2015, p. 169-175.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hara, Ryutaro ; Yamamoto, Masahiro ; Ito, Gen ; Kamimiyada, Kazunori ; Narita, Ichihito ; Miyahara, Hirofumi. / Effect of nitrogen on the microstructure and hardness of high-carbon high-speed steel type alloy. In: Nippon Kinzoku Gakkaishi/Journal of the Japan Institute of Metals. 2015 ; Vol. 79, No. 4. pp. 169-175.
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