Effect of oxide additives on desulfurization efficiency of hot metal by CaO-based powders

Isao Shimoda, Takashi Sato, Takamitsu Nakasuga, Kunihiko Nakashima, Katsumi Mori

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    11 Citations (Scopus)


    Utilization of CaO-CaF2 fluxes provides an efficient and inexpensive method for the dusulfurization of hot metal and has been used extensively. However, it is an urgent necessity to develop an effective desulfurization treatment without CaO-CaF2 fluxes from the environmental point of view. Experiments were carried out mainly at 1400°C to clarify the effect of oxide additives on the desulfurization behavior of hot metal by using CaO-based powders and synthesized CaO-Al2O3 slags. The desulfurization efficiency of CaO-based powders increased by the addition of A12O3 and Na2CO3. However, as the amount of A12O3 addition increased up to 30mass%, the initial desulfurization rate was decreased, although the formation of liquid slag at the early stage of reaction was promoted. CaO-Al 2O3-TiO2 fluxes were found to have the largest promoting effect on the desulrurization, due to low melting point and low viscosity of such slags. According to the EPMA mapping analysis, it was found that the flux powders near the slag-metal interface were sintered or partly melted, and that the sulfur removed was concentrated in this flux. As the result, the desulfurization rate was considered to be considerably accelerated by Ar blowing into the metal bath. Consequently, CaO-Al2O 3-TiO3 fluxes was regarded to be very useful for hot metal treatment.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)401-407
    Number of pages7
    JournalTetsu-To-Hagane/Journal of the Iron and Steel Institute of Japan
    Issue number6
    Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2004

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Condensed Matter Physics
    • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
    • Metals and Alloys
    • Materials Chemistry


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