Effect of PEG on dissolution of Zn deposited from impurity-containing solutions

Hiroaki Nakano, Satoshi Oue, Hisaaki Fukushima, Shigeo Kobayashi, Kazuhiko Nishina

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The effect of polyethylene glycol (PEG) on the dissolution behaviour of Zn electrodeposited from the electrowinning solutions containing impurities has been investigated by measuring the timedependence of cathode potential during electrolysis and the partial polarization curves for Zn and impurity deposition. The impurities are classified into four groups ; group I (Ag, Cu, Cd) which changes inherent hydrogen overpotential ηH0 by depositing at limiting current density; group II (Ni, Co, Fe) which reduces ηH0 by partially depositing at lower current densities than limiting one ; group III (As, Sb, Ge) which catalytically reduces ηH0 ; and group IV (Al, Pb) which causes no change in ηH0. The PEG affected to the dissolution of deposited Zn in a different way depending on the kind of impurity. In the solution containing Cu of group I as impurity, deposited Zn was more likely to dissolve with PEG than without. Although PEG suppressed Zn deposition, it had no effect on Cu deposition at its limiting current density. Therefore, PEG increased the content of Cu in deposited Zn. Since hydrogen overpotential is lower on Cu than on Zn, co-deposited Cu promoted the dissolution of Zn. In the solution containing Ni or Co of group II, PEG suppressed the dissolution of deposited Zn because the evolution of hydrogen was inhibited. Although Sb of group III depolarized the cathodic potential and decreased the current efficiency for Zn deposition, PEG polarized the cathodic potential and increased the cathodic current efficiency. The harmful effects of impurities of group II and III on the dissolution of Zn and the depolarization of cathode potential were decreased with an increase in the molecular weight and the amount of PEG added.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings - European Metallurgical Conference, EMC 2011
Pages985-998
Number of pages14
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2011
EventEuropean Metallurgical Conference, EMC 2011 - Dusseldorf, Germany
Duration: Jun 26 2011Jun 29 2011

Publication series

NameProceedings - European Metallurgical Conference, EMC 2011
Volume3

Other

OtherEuropean Metallurgical Conference, EMC 2011
CountryGermany
CityDusseldorf
Period6/26/116/29/11

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Metals and Alloys

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  • Cite this

    Nakano, H., Oue, S., Fukushima, H., Kobayashi, S., & Nishina, K. (2011). Effect of PEG on dissolution of Zn deposited from impurity-containing solutions. In Proceedings - European Metallurgical Conference, EMC 2011 (pp. 985-998). (Proceedings - European Metallurgical Conference, EMC 2011; Vol. 3).