OBJECTIVES: Phosphodiesterase III inhibitors, which have both positive inotropic and vasodilatory effects, occasionally cause hypotension due to afterload reduction and possibly due to preload reduction caused by the increase in vascular capacitance. METHODS: Six open-chest adult mongrel dogs were used to compare the effects on left ventricular contractility, afterload, and vascular capacitance of the phosphodiesterase III inhibitor, olprinone, with those of dobutamine using a right-heart-bypass model. Contractility and afterload were evaluated by the left ventricular pressure-volume relations with the use of a conductance catheter to derive the end-systolic elastance (Ees) and the effective arterial elastance (Ea). Vascular capacitance change was evaluated by reservoir volume change under a constant bypass flow (80 ml/kg per minute). RESULTS: Ees increased significantly both with dobutamine (7.6 +/- 2.8 to 14.3 +/- 4.8 mmHg/ml, p < 0.05) and with olprinone (7.6 +/- 2.9 to 11.5 +/- 4.2 mmHg/ml, p < 0.05). Ea did not change with dobutamine (14.4 +/- 3.5 to 14.5 +/- 3.6 mmHg/ml, p = 0.9), whereas it decreased with olprinone (14.0 +/- 4.1 to 11.4 +/- 3.8 mmHg/ml, p = 0.093). Reservoir volume increased after the infusion of dobutamine (-94.0 +/- 39.8 ml), and decreased after the infusion of olprinone (-114.0 +/- 62.3 ml). The difference was statistically significant (p = 0.007). The reservoir volume change indicated that vascular capacitance decreased with dobutamine, and increased with olprinone. CONCLUSIONS: Pre- and afterload reduction of olprinone combined with the positive inotropic effect are useful in treating congestive heart failure and managing low cardiac output syndrome after cardiac surgery.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||The Japanese journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery : official publication of the Japanese Association for Thoracic Surgery = Nihon Kyōbu Geka Gakkai zasshi|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 2001|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine