Photocatalytic water splitting is one of the ideal methods for solving the global energy crisis and its associated environmental problems. In this study, the effect of altering the molecular structure of porphyrins was investigated to improve the water splitting activity of Zr-doped KTaO3 (KTa(Zr)O3) modified with porphyrin dyes. UV-vis spectra indicated that porphyrins with long alkoxy chains tended to form well-developed H-aggregates on the KTa(Zr)O3 surface. The photocatalytic activity of Pt-loaded KTa(Zr)O3 was improved by using porphyrins with longer alkoxy chains because of the improvement in the charge migration between porphyrin dye molecules. While the charge transfer between the inorganic semiconductor and porphyrin dye interface is important, it was found that the formation of H-aggregation was more effective in improving the water splitting activity of the porphyrin-modified photocatalysts.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry