Effect of potassium oxide addition on viscosity of calcium aluminosilicate melts at 1 673-1 873 K

Tomoyuki Higo, Sohei Sukenaga, Koji Kanehashi, Hiroyuki Shibata, Takeshi Osugi, Noritaka Saito, Kunihiko Nakashima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

We investigated the changes induced in the viscosities of CaO-SiO2-Al2O3-K2O melts (CaO/SiO2molar ratio = 0.68 ± 0.04, Al2O3content = 13.4 ± 0.6 mol%) with the addition of K2O in amounts of 0-17.4 mol% for temperatures of 1 673-1 873 K using the rotating crucible method. The viscosity increased with an increase in the K2O content when K2O/Al2O3molar ratio < 0.7. On the other hand, the viscosity decreased with the addition of K2O for K2O/Al2O3molar ratio > 0.9. The maximum values of the viscosities were noticed in the range of 0.7 < K2O/Al2O3molar ratio < 0.9. This behavior could not be explained on the basis of the polymerization degree of the aluminosilicate network structure. The 17O magic angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance (MAS NMR) spectrum of the 31.6CaO-44.2SiO2-13.4Al2O3-10.8K2O (mol%) glass suggested that K+ions preferentially compensate the negative charge of AlO4, while the Ca2+ions primarily create non-bridging oxygens (NBOs). The viscosity data and the 17O MAS NMR spectrum also suggested that the increase in viscosity for K2O/Al2O3molar ratio < 0.7 was because of the increase in the average bond strength of the aluminosilicate framework, which was attributable to the substitution of Ca2+ions by K+ions at the charge compensator sites. The activation energies for viscous flow indicated that the NBOs bonded with K+ions, forming NBO-K species, for K2O contents greater than those corresponding to the viscosity maxima. Thus, the viscosities of aluminosilicate melts are indicative of the average bond strengths of the melts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2039-2044
Number of pages6
Journalisij international
Volume54
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2014

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Aluminosilicates
Potassium
Calcium
Viscosity
Oxides
Ions
Magic angle spinning
Oxygen
Nuclear magnetic resonance
Crucibles
Viscous flow
potassium oxide
calcium aluminosilicate
Substitution reactions
Activation energy
Polymerization
Glass
aluminosilicate

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Effect of potassium oxide addition on viscosity of calcium aluminosilicate melts at 1 673-1 873 K. / Higo, Tomoyuki; Sukenaga, Sohei; Kanehashi, Koji; Shibata, Hiroyuki; Osugi, Takeshi; Saito, Noritaka; Nakashima, Kunihiko.

In: isij international, Vol. 54, No. 9, 01.01.2014, p. 2039-2044.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Higo, Tomoyuki ; Sukenaga, Sohei ; Kanehashi, Koji ; Shibata, Hiroyuki ; Osugi, Takeshi ; Saito, Noritaka ; Nakashima, Kunihiko. / Effect of potassium oxide addition on viscosity of calcium aluminosilicate melts at 1 673-1 873 K. In: isij international. 2014 ; Vol. 54, No. 9. pp. 2039-2044.
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abstract = "We investigated the changes induced in the viscosities of CaO-SiO2-Al2O3-K2O melts (CaO/SiO2molar ratio = 0.68 ± 0.04, Al2O3content = 13.4 ± 0.6 mol{\%}) with the addition of K2O in amounts of 0-17.4 mol{\%} for temperatures of 1 673-1 873 K using the rotating crucible method. The viscosity increased with an increase in the K2O content when K2O/Al2O3molar ratio < 0.7. On the other hand, the viscosity decreased with the addition of K2O for K2O/Al2O3molar ratio > 0.9. The maximum values of the viscosities were noticed in the range of 0.7 < K2O/Al2O3molar ratio < 0.9. This behavior could not be explained on the basis of the polymerization degree of the aluminosilicate network structure. The 17O magic angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance (MAS NMR) spectrum of the 31.6CaO-44.2SiO2-13.4Al2O3-10.8K2O (mol{\%}) glass suggested that K+ions preferentially compensate the negative charge of AlO4, while the Ca2+ions primarily create non-bridging oxygens (NBOs). The viscosity data and the 17O MAS NMR spectrum also suggested that the increase in viscosity for K2O/Al2O3molar ratio < 0.7 was because of the increase in the average bond strength of the aluminosilicate framework, which was attributable to the substitution of Ca2+ions by K+ions at the charge compensator sites. The activation energies for viscous flow indicated that the NBOs bonded with K+ions, forming NBO-K species, for K2O contents greater than those corresponding to the viscosity maxima. Thus, the viscosities of aluminosilicate melts are indicative of the average bond strengths of the melts.",
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AU - Higo, Tomoyuki

AU - Sukenaga, Sohei

AU - Kanehashi, Koji

AU - Shibata, Hiroyuki

AU - Osugi, Takeshi

AU - Saito, Noritaka

AU - Nakashima, Kunihiko

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AB - We investigated the changes induced in the viscosities of CaO-SiO2-Al2O3-K2O melts (CaO/SiO2molar ratio = 0.68 ± 0.04, Al2O3content = 13.4 ± 0.6 mol%) with the addition of K2O in amounts of 0-17.4 mol% for temperatures of 1 673-1 873 K using the rotating crucible method. The viscosity increased with an increase in the K2O content when K2O/Al2O3molar ratio < 0.7. On the other hand, the viscosity decreased with the addition of K2O for K2O/Al2O3molar ratio > 0.9. The maximum values of the viscosities were noticed in the range of 0.7 < K2O/Al2O3molar ratio < 0.9. This behavior could not be explained on the basis of the polymerization degree of the aluminosilicate network structure. The 17O magic angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance (MAS NMR) spectrum of the 31.6CaO-44.2SiO2-13.4Al2O3-10.8K2O (mol%) glass suggested that K+ions preferentially compensate the negative charge of AlO4, while the Ca2+ions primarily create non-bridging oxygens (NBOs). The viscosity data and the 17O MAS NMR spectrum also suggested that the increase in viscosity for K2O/Al2O3molar ratio < 0.7 was because of the increase in the average bond strength of the aluminosilicate framework, which was attributable to the substitution of Ca2+ions by K+ions at the charge compensator sites. The activation energies for viscous flow indicated that the NBOs bonded with K+ions, forming NBO-K species, for K2O contents greater than those corresponding to the viscosity maxima. Thus, the viscosities of aluminosilicate melts are indicative of the average bond strengths of the melts.

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