Effect of pre-treatment techniques on physical, mechanical and durability properties of oriented strand board made from sentang wood (Melia excelsa Jack)

Apri Heri Iswanto, Fauzi Febrianto, Imam Wahyudi, Won Joung Hwang, Seon Hwa Lee, Jin Heon Kwon, Sung Min Kwon, Nam Hun Kim, Tetsuo Kondo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Sentang wood (Melia excelsa Jack) is one of the promoting fast growing tree species that can be introduced in timber estates and community forest in Indonesia. The objective of this research was to evaluate physical, mechanical and durability of Oriented Strand Board (OSB) made from Sentang wood under various pre-treatment techniques including immersing in hot water, immersing in preservative solution and steamed. Three-layered OSBs were manufactured. The strand composition for face, core, and back was 25%, 50% and 25%, respectively. Methane di-isocyanate (MDI, Type H3M) resin was used as an adhesive in amount of 7%. The amount of paraffin used was 1% based on oven dried strand. The strands were immersed in hot water at 80 °C for 2 hours, immersed in 2.5% of CCB preservative solution for 48 hours and steamed at 126 °C at 1.4kg.cm -2 pressure for 1 hour prior to be blended with adhesive. The results indicated that OSB manufactured mostly consisted of quarter round and flat strands with high slenderness ratio and high aspect ratio. Pre-treatment of strand by immersing strands in hot water, immersing in preservative solution and steamed resulted in improvement of water absorption of board, some mechanical properties and durability of OSB. Introducing 2.5% CCB preservative on the OSB significantly improved durability of OSB against termite attack but did not influence the strength of OSB. Untreated OSB, OSBs prepared from preserved strands and steamed strands can be used for exterior application, while OSB prepared from hot water immersed strands only can be used for interior application. All OSB parameters manufactured in this experiment were superior when compared with the minimum requirement of CSA 0437.0 standard for Grade 0-2 OSB.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)371-377
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University
Volume55
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Agronomy and Crop Science

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