The correlation energies (CEs) for the He-like ions are studied with the virtual-pair approximation (VPA) and with the no-virtual-pair approximation (NVPA). In contrast to the nonrelativistic CEs, the CEs calculated with relativity fell sharply as the nuclear charge Z increased, although the CE calculated with the NVPA was considerably lower than with the VPA for the heavier atoms. It is shown that CE calculated with a Hylleraas-type function implicitly includes the effects of the excitations into negative-energy states, which corresponds to the VPA. The present results verify that the strong dependence on Z of the CE of He-like ions is an essential effect of the relativity.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry