Effective immobilization of boron in groundwater is a major challenge. Permeable reactive barrier (PRB) column tests for removal of borate have been investigated using MgO agglomerates as the primary reactive material over 40 weeks. Additionally, saw dust was also blended with MgO agglomerates to facilitate for borate removal in this system. Boron accumulation was more than 1.6 times greater in the presence of saw dust, although MgO alone performed well. Increased boron accumulation in the presence of saw dust was primarily due to higher porosity of the PRB column, decreasing the impact of secondary Mg(OH)2 passivating layers and leaving more reactive sites on MgO agglomerates. In addition, Mg2+ ions released from MgO agglomerates are complexed with carboxylic acids leached from saw dusts. This sequestration prevents the formation of bulky Mg(OH)2 which is an ineffective sorbent for borate and covers the surfaces and passivating reactive sites on the MgO agglomerates. The morphologies of Mg(OH)2 precipitated in the PRB column were also significantly affected by the presence of saw dust, with crystallization of needle-like particles of Mg(OH)2 was prevented by Mg2+ ions-organic ligand complexation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Engineering
- Environmental Chemistry
- Waste Management and Disposal
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis