BACKGROUND: TiO2-based heterogeneous photocatalysis is an effective way to degrade harmful refractory organic compounds. However, the rate of photocatalytic reaction is significantly decreased by film diffusion resistance and several other factors. To overcome this problem, TiO2 immobilized on a stainless steel screen is hydrophobically treated using a (γ-aminopropyl) triethoxysilane-toluene solution and the performance of the silanized TiO2 for the photocatalytic decomposition of 2,4-dinitrophenol (2,4-DNP) is investigated. RESULTS: The reactant 2,4-DNP is slowly decomposed when its aqueous solution is treated using an unsilanized TiO2 screen without mixing the solution, whereas the rate of decomposition is certainly increased by use of a silanized TiO2 screen, and further increased by mixing the solution. The use of sunlight as a UV light source provides a higher rate of decomposition than does the use of an artificial UV lamp. The rate of decomposition in a well-mixed solution is less affected up to 1.5 cm in solution depth. CONCLUSIONS: The use of the TiO2 screen silanized with a 2% silane-toluene solution under liquid mixing decreases film diffusion resistance and facilitates rapid decomposition of 2,4-DNP. The simultaneous use of sunlight as a UV light source and a wind-powered propeller for liquid mixing is effective.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Fuel Technology
- Waste Management and Disposal
- Organic Chemistry
- Inorganic Chemistry