Effect of small notch and absorbed hydrogen on the fatigue fracture in two-step stress test within fatigue limit diagram

Y. Kondo, H. Eda, M. Kubota

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Abstract

It is usually regarded as a common understanding that fatigue failure would not occur if all stresses were kept within fatigue limit diagram. However, it was shown that fatigue failure occurred in some special cases of variable amplitude loading condition even when all stresses were kept within fatigue limit diagram in the case of small-notched specimen. The cause of such a phenomenon was examined using two-step stress pattern for low alloy steel SCM440H. In the case of constant stress amplitude loading, non-propagating crack was formed only at low mean stress and not formed at high mean stress. However, in the case of two-step stress pattern in which the first step stress was chosen as R = -1 and the second step stress was with high mean stress, a non-propagating crack was formed by the first step stress. This crack functioned as a pre-crack for the second step stress with high mean stress. Consequently, fatigue failure occurred by the stresses within fatigue limit diagram. In this study, the effect of notch size and shape were examined. The effect of absorbed hydrogen was also investigated. Absorption of 0.3 ppm hydrogen caused more reduction of fatigue limit.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)736-743
Number of pages8
JournalFatigue and Fracture of Engineering Materials and Structures
Volume32
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 8 2009

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Hydrogen
Fatigue of materials
Cracks
High strength steel

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

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abstract = "It is usually regarded as a common understanding that fatigue failure would not occur if all stresses were kept within fatigue limit diagram. However, it was shown that fatigue failure occurred in some special cases of variable amplitude loading condition even when all stresses were kept within fatigue limit diagram in the case of small-notched specimen. The cause of such a phenomenon was examined using two-step stress pattern for low alloy steel SCM440H. In the case of constant stress amplitude loading, non-propagating crack was formed only at low mean stress and not formed at high mean stress. However, in the case of two-step stress pattern in which the first step stress was chosen as R = -1 and the second step stress was with high mean stress, a non-propagating crack was formed by the first step stress. This crack functioned as a pre-crack for the second step stress with high mean stress. Consequently, fatigue failure occurred by the stresses within fatigue limit diagram. In this study, the effect of notch size and shape were examined. The effect of absorbed hydrogen was also investigated. Absorption of 0.3 ppm hydrogen caused more reduction of fatigue limit.",
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AU - Kubota, M.

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N2 - It is usually regarded as a common understanding that fatigue failure would not occur if all stresses were kept within fatigue limit diagram. However, it was shown that fatigue failure occurred in some special cases of variable amplitude loading condition even when all stresses were kept within fatigue limit diagram in the case of small-notched specimen. The cause of such a phenomenon was examined using two-step stress pattern for low alloy steel SCM440H. In the case of constant stress amplitude loading, non-propagating crack was formed only at low mean stress and not formed at high mean stress. However, in the case of two-step stress pattern in which the first step stress was chosen as R = -1 and the second step stress was with high mean stress, a non-propagating crack was formed by the first step stress. This crack functioned as a pre-crack for the second step stress with high mean stress. Consequently, fatigue failure occurred by the stresses within fatigue limit diagram. In this study, the effect of notch size and shape were examined. The effect of absorbed hydrogen was also investigated. Absorption of 0.3 ppm hydrogen caused more reduction of fatigue limit.

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