Effect of temperature and clearance on shear cutting behaviors in CFRP laminates

K. Ogi, S. Yashiro

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of the present study is to optimize the shear cutting conditions of CFRP laminates. First, specimens of thermosetting (epoxy) and thermoplastic (polyamide 6) CFRP cross-ply laminates 1.2 mm thick were cut by shearing using lower and upper blades. The shear cutting tests were performed at various temperatures ranging from a room temperature (RT) to temperatures higher than the glass transition temperature Tg. The effect of clearance between the upper and lower blades was investigated only for thermosetting CFRP specimens. Next, cross-sectional and internal damages adjacent to the cutting planes were observed using optical microscopy together with soft X-ray analysis to quantitatively measure the size of burrs, removal parts (lost from the workpiece due to cracking) and delamination area. Finally, double cantilever beam (DCB) and end-notched flexural (ENF) tests were performed to measure the modes I and II interlaminar fracture toughness of the thermosetting CFRP at various temperatures. It was proved from the experiment that the best machining quality, namely, the least delamination area, length of burrs and removal parts, was obtained at a temperature of 70oC and 45oC for the thermosetting and thermoplastic CFRP laminates, respectively. These optimum temperatures are lower than Tg, where the interlaminar fracture toughness becomes higher than that at RT while the rigidity is lower than that at RT. The optimum clearance was found to be around 0.05 mm for the thermosetting CFRP laminate. In addition, the maximum shear stress becomes almost constant when the clearance exceeds the optimum one.

Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2015
Event20th International Conference on Composite Materials, ICCM 2015 - Copenhagen, Denmark
Duration: Jul 19 2015Jul 24 2015

Conference

Conference20th International Conference on Composite Materials, ICCM 2015
CountryDenmark
CityCopenhagen
Period7/19/157/24/15

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)
  • Ceramics and Composites

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  • Cite this

    Ogi, K., & Yashiro, S. (2015). Effect of temperature and clearance on shear cutting behaviors in CFRP laminates. Paper presented at 20th International Conference on Composite Materials, ICCM 2015, Copenhagen, Denmark.