The thermodynamic treatment of a surfactant mixture was applied to the mixture of sodium chloride, NaCl, with octyl methyl sulfoxide (OMS) and that with decyldimethylphosphine oxide (DePO). The surface tension of aqueous solutions of the mixtures was measured as a function of the total concentration and the composition of the mixtures at 298.15 K. The total surface densities of the mixtures and the composition of the adsorbed films and micelles were evaluated by applying thermodynamic equations to the experimental results. It was found that the adsorbed film and micelle are almost composed of the surfactant and there is slight attractive interaction between the ions of NaCl and the head groups of OMS and DePO molecules in the adsorbed films and micelles. A difference in the miscibility of NaCl and surfactant was observed between the OMS and DePO systems and attributed to the difference in the hydration of the head group between OMS and DePO molecules. The comparison of these results with those of the mixtures of NaCl with tetraethylene glycol monooctyl ether (C8E4) and dodecylammonium chloride (DAC) indicated that the small difference in the miscibility in an adsorbed film and micelle among these nonionic surfactant systems arises from the difference in hydration and structure of the head groups and the large one between the nonionic surfactant and DAC systems results from electrostatic interactions between dodecylammonium and sodium ions.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry