Effect of thermal shock on ballistic impact damage in ceramic matrix composites

Keiji Ogi, Shigeki Yashiro, Tomonaga Okabe, Akinori Yoshimura, Toshio Ogasawara

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

This paper presents experimental characterization of foreign object damage in three-dimensionally woven SiC/SiC composite (3D-CMC) plates with and without thermal shock. Thermal shock tests were performed using a micro-gas turbine engine which can give a sudden change in the temperature of combustion gas with the aid of an afterburner. Ballistic impact damage was introduced by collision of a flying sphere to 3D-CMC plates. A steel sphere with a diameter of 1.5 to 4.0 mm collided against target materials at the impact speed ranging from 200 to 1100 m/s. The damages on the surface of the specimen were observed by using optical microscopy. The damage consisting of a crater and breakage of fiber bundles was observed on the front (collision) surface. The surface damage area increases with increasing impact energy. The surface damage of thermally-shocked specimens was larger than that of virgin specimens. A spall fragment was ejected from the back surface at the impact energy larger than critical one (12 to 20 J) in both specimens while the fragment was broken into pieces only in the thermally-shocked specimens. The critical impact energy for spall depends on mass of a projectile and is not affected by thermal shock.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvanced Composites for Efficiency and Environment - The US-Japan Conference on Composite Materials 2008, US-Japan 2008
Publication statusPublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes
EventUS-Japan Conference on Composite Materials 2008, US-Japan 2008 - Tokyo, Japan
Duration: Jun 6 2008Jun 7 2008

Other

OtherUS-Japan Conference on Composite Materials 2008, US-Japan 2008
CountryJapan
CityTokyo
Period6/6/086/7/08

Fingerprint

Ceramic matrix composites
Thermal shock
Ballistics
Steel
Projectiles
Optical microscopy
Gas turbines
Turbines
Gases
Fibers
Composite materials
Temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites

Cite this

Ogi, K., Yashiro, S., Okabe, T., Yoshimura, A., & Ogasawara, T. (2008). Effect of thermal shock on ballistic impact damage in ceramic matrix composites. In Advanced Composites for Efficiency and Environment - The US-Japan Conference on Composite Materials 2008, US-Japan 2008

Effect of thermal shock on ballistic impact damage in ceramic matrix composites. / Ogi, Keiji; Yashiro, Shigeki; Okabe, Tomonaga; Yoshimura, Akinori; Ogasawara, Toshio.

Advanced Composites for Efficiency and Environment - The US-Japan Conference on Composite Materials 2008, US-Japan 2008. 2008.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Ogi, K, Yashiro, S, Okabe, T, Yoshimura, A & Ogasawara, T 2008, Effect of thermal shock on ballistic impact damage in ceramic matrix composites. in Advanced Composites for Efficiency and Environment - The US-Japan Conference on Composite Materials 2008, US-Japan 2008. US-Japan Conference on Composite Materials 2008, US-Japan 2008, Tokyo, Japan, 6/6/08.
Ogi K, Yashiro S, Okabe T, Yoshimura A, Ogasawara T. Effect of thermal shock on ballistic impact damage in ceramic matrix composites. In Advanced Composites for Efficiency and Environment - The US-Japan Conference on Composite Materials 2008, US-Japan 2008. 2008
Ogi, Keiji ; Yashiro, Shigeki ; Okabe, Tomonaga ; Yoshimura, Akinori ; Ogasawara, Toshio. / Effect of thermal shock on ballistic impact damage in ceramic matrix composites. Advanced Composites for Efficiency and Environment - The US-Japan Conference on Composite Materials 2008, US-Japan 2008. 2008.
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N2 - This paper presents experimental characterization of foreign object damage in three-dimensionally woven SiC/SiC composite (3D-CMC) plates with and without thermal shock. Thermal shock tests were performed using a micro-gas turbine engine which can give a sudden change in the temperature of combustion gas with the aid of an afterburner. Ballistic impact damage was introduced by collision of a flying sphere to 3D-CMC plates. A steel sphere with a diameter of 1.5 to 4.0 mm collided against target materials at the impact speed ranging from 200 to 1100 m/s. The damages on the surface of the specimen were observed by using optical microscopy. The damage consisting of a crater and breakage of fiber bundles was observed on the front (collision) surface. The surface damage area increases with increasing impact energy. The surface damage of thermally-shocked specimens was larger than that of virgin specimens. A spall fragment was ejected from the back surface at the impact energy larger than critical one (12 to 20 J) in both specimens while the fragment was broken into pieces only in the thermally-shocked specimens. The critical impact energy for spall depends on mass of a projectile and is not affected by thermal shock.

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