Effect of thermal 3He minorities on knock-on tail formation and the resulting neutron emission spectrum modification in deuterium-tritium plasmas

H. Matsuura, M. Nakamura, O. Mitarai, Y. Nakao

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11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The knock-on tail formations in fuel-ion velocity distribution functions by energetic alpha particles (by the T(d,n)4He reaction) and protons (by the D(d,p)T and 3He(d,p)4He reactions) are investigated by simultaneously solving the Boltzmann-Fokker-Planck (BFP) equations for deuteron, triton, 3He, alpha particle and proton in an ITER-like (DT) plasma admixed with a small amount of 3He. As a result of the 3He inclusion, a fraction of the transferred energy from energetic ions to thermal deuterons and tritons via nuclear plus interference (NI) scattering is reduced. Owing to the NI scattering of the energetic protons by fuel ions, the latter are knocked up to higher energies. The knocking-up effect of fuel ions is enhanced with increasing 3He concentration. It is shown that if 3He with relative concentration of 4.2%, i.e.,n3He/ne, is included in Te = 20 keV, ne = 9.5 × 1019 m-3 plasma, the magnitude of the knock-on tail in deuteron distribution function in 300 keV-3 MeV energy range is reduced by about 15% from the value when 3He is not externally supplied. Such knock-on tail reduction also results in alternation of the non-Gaussian neutron emission spectrum with energies less than ∼13 MeV and above ∼15 MeV.

Original languageEnglish
Article number035023
JournalPlasma Physics and Controlled Fusion
Volume53
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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