Effect of through-plane polytetrafluoroethylene distribution in gas diffusion layers on performance of proton exchange membrane fuel cells

Hiroshi Ito, Takuya Iwamura, Satoshi Someya, Tetsuo Munakata, Akihiro Nakano, Yun Heo, Masayoshi Ishida, Hironori Nakajima, Tatsumi Kitahara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

This experimental study identifies the effect of through-plane polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) distribution in gas diffusion backing (GDB) on the performance of proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC). PTFE-drying under vacuum pressure created a relatively uniform PTFE distribution in GDB compared to drying under atmospheric pressure. Carbon paper samples with different PTFE distributions due to the difference in drying conditions were prepared and used for the cathode gas diffusion layer (GDL) of PEMFCs. Also investigated is the effect of MPL application on the performance for those samples. The current density (i) - voltage (V) characteristics of these PEMFCs measured under high relative humidity conditions clearly showed that, with or without MPL, the cell using the GDL with PTFE dried under vacuum condition showed better performance than that dried under atmospheric condition. It is suggested that this improved performance is caused by the efficient transport of liquid water through the GDB due to the uniform distribution of PTFE.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)289-299
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume306
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 29 2016

Fingerprint

gaseous diffusion
Diffusion in gases
polytetrafluoroethylene
Polytetrafluoroethylene
Proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC)
Polytetrafluoroethylenes
fuel cells
membranes
protons
backups
drying
Drying
Vacuum
vacuum
meteorology
Atmospheric pressure
humidity
Atmospheric humidity
atmospheric pressure
Cathodes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Effect of through-plane polytetrafluoroethylene distribution in gas diffusion layers on performance of proton exchange membrane fuel cells. / Ito, Hiroshi; Iwamura, Takuya; Someya, Satoshi; Munakata, Tetsuo; Nakano, Akihiro; Heo, Yun; Ishida, Masayoshi; Nakajima, Hironori; Kitahara, Tatsumi.

In: Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 306, 29.02.2016, p. 289-299.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ito, Hiroshi ; Iwamura, Takuya ; Someya, Satoshi ; Munakata, Tetsuo ; Nakano, Akihiro ; Heo, Yun ; Ishida, Masayoshi ; Nakajima, Hironori ; Kitahara, Tatsumi. / Effect of through-plane polytetrafluoroethylene distribution in gas diffusion layers on performance of proton exchange membrane fuel cells. In: Journal of Power Sources. 2016 ; Vol. 306. pp. 289-299.
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AU - Nakano, Akihiro

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