Objective: To evaluate the effects of truncal vagotomy at the diaphragmatic level on the sphincter of Oddi (SO) motility. Summary Background Data: Cholelithiasis is a well-known late complication after gastrectomy and/or vagotomy. The mechanism of gallstone formation is only partly understood, and few studies address the effects of vagotomy on SO cyclic motility in conscious subjects. Methods: In conscious dogs, SO motility was recorded by retrograde infusion manometry through a duodenal cannula before and after bilateral truncal vagotomy at the diaphragmatic level. Effects of cholecystokinin-octapeptide and feeding were also evaluated before and after vagotomy. Results: SO cyclic motility and the gastroduodenal migrating motor complex continued to occur during postvagotomy fasting. Intermittent inhibitions of the SO and duodenal contractions disappeared during phase 3 of the migrating motor complex. SO basal pressure significantly decreased, whereas the amplitude significantly increased. Cholecystokinin-octapeptide inhibited SO contractions before and after vagotomy. The amplitude of SO contractions increased and their frequency decreased after feeding; however, these effects disappeared after vagotomy. Conclusions: SO cyclic motility and the effects of feeding change after truncal vagotomy at the diaphragmatic level. These facts may at least partly explain gallstone formation after gastric surgery and/or vagotomy.
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