Water environmental dynamics in closed water areas with density stratify such as ponds, reservoirs, lakes and estuaries are effected by turbulent flows based on mechanical and thermal disturbances. The thermal disturbance consists of lighting and heating based on solar radiation in the daytime and cooling based on emission at the night. The mechanical disturbance of wind induced flow and wind wave generated by wind action on the surface. We considered the mechanical disturbance of wind induced flow was generated by wind action on the surface in the closed water areas. An experimental investigation of turbulent entrainment induced by the mechanical disturbance was carried out in a laboratory wind-wave tank. We considered that the occupying rate of the floating water plants to the water surface affected on the turbulent entrainment in the closed water area. The results indicated that the existence the floating water plants contributed to make a significant effect on the scale of the turbulent entrainment. It was also found that the entrainment velocity depended on the Richardson number to the power of -3/2, the stability parameter of density stratified fluid flow.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of the Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 1 2002|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Agronomy and Crop Science