Effective anchoring of Pt-nanoparticles onto sulfonated polyelectrolyte-wrapped carbon nanotubes for use as a fuel cell electrocatalyst

Tsuyohiko Fujigaya, Chaerin Kim, Kazuya Matsumoto, Naotoshi Nakashima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Sulfonated polymers, such as sulfonated polysulfone and sulfonated polyimide, are promising candidates as a future polyelectrolyte for polymer electrolyte fuel cells (PEFCs). In PEFC cell systems, the same polyelectrolyte material is often added to the electrocatalyst layer as the ionic path. We selected partially sulfonated poly(arylene thioethersulfone) (SPTES) and poly(2,2′-benzidinedisulfonicacid)-alt-(1,4,5,8- naphthalenetetracarboxylic dianhydride) (BDSA-NTDA) as the electrolytes and wrapped multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) with the materials to which platinum nanoparticles (Pt) were attached onto the polyelectrolyte layer to fabricate new electrocatalysts. In these electrocatalysts, the MWNT and Pt serve as the electron path and reaction site, respectively. For both polyelectrolytes, Pt-nanoparticles <5 nm in diameter with a narrow size distribution were observed to be homogeneously dispersed on the polymer-wrapped MWNTs. The electrochemical measurements revealed thaTmWNT/SPTES/Pt and MWNT/BDSA-NTDA/Pt possessed electrochemically active surface areas (ECSA) of 42.3 and 35.6 m 2/g of Pt, respectively. Such a high ECSA efficiency ensures the use of these composites for the preparation of a future electrocatalyst.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)326-330
Number of pages5
JournalPolymer Journal
Volume45
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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