Dispersion of fullerene, C 60, by addition of polymethacrylate dispersant in methyl methacrylate (MMA) and incorporation of C 60 into poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) were investigated. Copolymers synthesized by radical copolymerization of MMA and 2-naphthyl methacrylate (NMA), poly(MMA-co-NMA), effectively dispersed C 60 in MMA to form clusters of 20 nm. In these cases, addition of minimal 110 naphthyl groups per unit C 60 molecule afforded to give clusters with minimum of 20 nm sizes. Furthermore, block copolymers, poly(MMA-b-NMA) with MMA/NMA mole ratio from 12:1 to 20:1, also efficiently dispersed C 60 to give formation of clusters of 20 nm size by addition of minimal 40 naphthyl groups per unit C 60 molecule, which was corresponding to approximate nine layers of naphthyl group in block copolymer adsorbed on the surface of the cluster. Hybrid films of C 60/PMMA, prepared by casting of C 60-dispersed solution containing PMMA, exhibited absorbance at 400 nm linearly increased with C 60 content.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Polymers and Plastics
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry
- Materials Chemistry