Formation of an effective ion tail due to neutral beam injection heating during startup in D-3He plasmas is investigated. The main idea is to reduce the energy input required for startup heating as well as the 14-MeV neutron yield by creating an effective tail. The optimal beam injection energy and beam species are first estimated by solving the steady-state Fokker-Planck equations for the injected species and for tritons. The startup of D-3He plasma is situated by simultaneously solving the time-dependant power balance and particle conservation equations together with Fokker-Planck equations. As a result of tail information in the fuel ion distribution, both the total input energy and the 14-MeV neutron yield during the startup phase are reduced by approx 20% from the values for Maxwellian plasma.
|Number of pages||11|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1 1993|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes