Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of 24-week daclatasvir (NS5A inhibitor) plus asunaprevir (NS3/4 A protease inhibitor) treatment for elderly patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 1b infection. Methods: This prospective, multicenter study consisted of 321 Japanese HCV genotype 1b patients who were interferon-ineligible/intolerant or non-responders to interferon-based regimens, including 103 (32.1%) aged ≥75 years and 127 (39.6%) with cirrhosis. Sustained virological response (SVR) at 24 weeks after the end of treatment and adverse effects were analyzed according to age. Results: The overall SVR rate was 90.3%. In terms of by age, 94.5% (69/73), 88.3% (128/145), and 90.3% (93/103) of the patients aged <65, 65–74, and ≥75 years, respectively, achieved SVR. For the entire cohort, pre-existent NS5A resistance-associated variants and prior simeprevir failure were independently associated with treatment failure. According to the analysis of patients without these unfavorable pretreatment factors, 90.8% (89/98) aged ≥75 years achieved SVR, although this was significantly lower than for those aged <65 years (98.5%, 66/67) (P < 0.05). The frequency of adverse effects was comparable for the <75 and ≥75 age groups, the most common being an elevated alanine aminotransferase level (>150 U/L, 8.7%), however, no decompensating events were seen. Conclusions: Daclatasvir plus asunaprevir for HCV genotype 1b was well tolerated and effective for patients without pre-existent NS5A resistance-associated variants or simeprevir failure, irrespective of fibrosis status. However, it was less effective for very old patients aged ≥75 years compared to those aged <65.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Infectious Diseases