Background: Bleeding from gastric varices is difficult to control and has a high mortality rate. Recently, newly developed treatments for this serious lesion have been used, but surgical intervention is still advocated by several studies. We report our experience with gastric devascularization and splenectomy and its effectiveness for patients with gastric varices. Study Design: Gastric devascularization and splenectomy was successfully performed to treat patients with isolated gastric varices (n = 42). The patients included 27 men and 15 women who ranged from 29 to 73 years of age (average 53.7 years). We analyzed the findings of gastric varices using endoscopy, the results of gastric devascularization and splenectomy, and survival after the operation. Results: No patient had tortuous varices (F1). Twenty-seven patients (64.3%) had nodular varices (F2) and 15 (35.7%) had tumorous varices (F3). Twenty-five patients (59.5%) had large varices that occupied two or more areas. Twenty-nine patients (69.0%) had varices with a positive red color sign. No major complications during or after the operation were observed, and perioperative death did not occur. Gastric varices were eradicated in all 42 patients. Survival rates were 97.6% after 1 year, 88.1% after 3 years, 76.2% after 5 years (mean followup period, 46 months). Conclusions: This study showed that gastric devascularization and splenectomy provides satisfactory results for patients with gastric varices that are likely to bleed and that it can be performed even on patients who have had other treatments. (C) 2000 by the American College of Surgeons.
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